FROM SAUL TO
THE RETURN FROM CAPTIVITY
REV. C. HANKO
Adopted for use in the Protestant Reformed Churches
by the Synod of 1980
This book is the second in a series of three, intended for catechumens ranging from the ages of six to eight years.
Since there is a rapid development in a child between the ages of six and eight, this book has been arranged so that the younger children may learn the first part of the lesson, as much as they are capable of learning, while the older children learn all of it.
You will notice that the references to points of doctrine are placed as much as possible in the last two questions, since these are intended mainly for the older children.
Even as the first book, this book can be used along with Suffer Little Children, written by Mrs. G. Hoeksema, for use in the lower grades. The history is treated approximately in the same order, and many of the texts for memory work are the same.
I wish to express my sincere appreciation to the teachers and parents who so readily gave of their time and effort to offer valuable suggestions in preparing the manuscript.
Rev. C. Hanko
Saul Is King
I Samuel 10-15, 28, 30
1. What did
They asked for a king like the other nations had.
2. Why did they want a king like the other nations had?
They wanted to be like the other nations.
3. Why was it wrong for them to want such a king?
Because they did not want God as their king.
4. Did God give them a king?
Yes, He gave them Saul, of the tribe of Benjamin.
5. Was Saul able to fight the enemies of
Yes, God made him strong to fight, and gave him the victory.
6. What victory did God give to Saul?
He delivered the people of Jabesh-gilead from the Ammonites.
7. How did Saul disobey God?
He made a sacrifice when he should have waited for Samuel.
8. What other sin did Saul commit?
He did not destroy all the Amalekites as God had commanded.
9. How did God punish Saul for these sins?
The Spirit of God left him, so that he was afraid to fight.
10. How did Saul die?
He fell on his own sword in a battle with the Philistines.
Memory verse: Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken than the fat of rams.
I Samuel 15:22
David Is Anointed
I Samuel 16-30
1. Whom did Samuel anoint as king in place of Saul?
God told Samuel to anoint David, of the
2 What did David do when he was a boy?
He cared for his fathers sheep.
3. How did David show that the Spirit of God was in him?
David fought against the giant Goliath.
4. What did David say to Goliath?
I come to thee in the name of the Lord of hosts. I Samuel 17:45
5. Why was Saul angry when David killed Goliath?
Saul was jealous of David.
6. How did Saul show that he was jealous?
Saul tried to kill David.
7. How did Saul try to kill David?
Twice he threw his spear at David.
8. Why did David not kill Saul when he could have done this?
Because Saul was the Lords anointed.
9. Did Saul ever harm David?
No, for the Lord was with David wherever he went.
10. What did David write ?
David wrote many beautiful Psalms.
Memory verse: Deliver me from my enemies, O my God: defend me from them that rise up against me. Psalm 59:1
David Is King
II Samuel 2-12
1. Who became king after Saul died?
David became king, first over
2. How did the Lord show that He was with David as king?
God gave him the victory over all
3. What did David bring to
David brought the ark of God to
4. Why did he bring the ark to
So that the people could worship God there.
5. What other plans did David have for
David wanted to build a beautiful temple to the Lord.
6. What did the Lord tell David?
The Lord told him that his son would build the temple.
7. Which great sins did David commit?
He took Uriahs wife and had Uriah killed in battle.
8. How did God punish David for these sins?
The son that was born to him died.
9. How did David show true sorrow for these sins?
He said, Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight. Psalm 51:4
10. How was David a type of Christ?
He fought the battles of the Lord against Gods enemies.
Memory verse: Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered. Psalm 32:1
The Sin of Absalom
II Samuel 15-19
1. Who was Absalom?
Absalom was one of the sons of David.
2. What did Absalom do?
He tried to take the kingdom from his father.
3. Why was this wrong of Absalom?
Because God had made David king.
4. What did David do when he heard this?
David fled with his army across the
5. Did Absalom come to fight David?
Yes, he came with a large army to fight David.
6. How did Absalom die?
His head was caught in a tree and Joab killed him.
7. Why did David weep when he heard that Absalom was dead?
David knew that Absalom was a wicked son.
8. Did David return to
Yes, the people were glad to take him back as their king.
9. What sin did David commit?
He numbered the people.
10 Whom did David anoint to be king after him?
His son Solomon, as God had promised.
Memory verse: Thou also hast lifted me up on high above them that rose up against me.
II Samuel 22:49
Solomon Is King
I Kings 1-11
1. What did Solomon ask of the Lord?
Solomon asked for wisdom to rule Gods people.
2. Did the Lord hear his prayer?
Yes, God made Solomon the wisest man who ever lived.
3. What did God give him besides wisdom?
God gave Solomon great riches and honor.
4. How did Solomon show his wisdom?
When two mothers wanted the same baby, Solomon showed which one was the real mother.
5. What did Solomon build in
Solomon built a large and beautiful temple.
6. Who came to visit Solomon?
The queen of
7. What sins did Solomon commit later in life?
He married many heathen wives and served their idols.
8. How did God show that He was displeased with Solomon?
He said that He would take ten tribes away from Solomon.
9 How did Solomon show his wisdom in writing?
He wrote proverbs, many of which are in the Bible.
10. How was Solomon a type of Christ?
He was a type of Christ as the prince of peace.
Memory verse: My son, give me thine heart, and let thine eyes observe my ways. Proverbs 23:26
Rehoboam Is King of
I Kings 12-14
1. Who became king after Solomon?
His son Rehoboam became king.
2. What did the people ask of Rehoboam?
They asked him to lower their taxes.
3. What did Rehoboam answer them?
He told them that he would make them pay more taxes than before.
4. What did the ten tribes do?
They left Rehoboam and made Jeroboam their king.
5. Which tribe stayed with Rehoboam?
6. What were the two kingdoms called?
7. Was Rehoboam a God-fearing king?
No, his heathen mother taught him to serve idols.
8. How did God punish Rehoboam for his sins?
The king of
9. What does this sad history teach us about our early training?
It is important to learn to serve God when we are young.
10. What does it teach us regarding Gods faithfulness?
God always preserves His church, as He has promised.
Memory verse: And
unto his son will I give one tribe, that David my servant may have a light always before
Jeroboam Is King of
I Kings 12-14
1. Who became king of the ten tribes?
Jeroboam became their king.
did Jeroboam want to keep the people from going to the temple in
He was afraid that the people would go back to Rehoboam.
3. What did Jeroboam do to keep the people from going to the temple?
He set up two golden calves, one in
4. What did Jeroboam tell the people about these calves?
5. Why was this a terrible sin?
6. For what other reason was it wrong?
God had commanded
7. How did God warn Jeroboam and the people?
He sent a prophet to cry against the
8. What did the prophet say about this altar?
He said that a king of
9. Did this actually happen?
Three hundred years later Josiah did that very thing.
10. Did Jeroboam seek help from his golden calves when his son was sick?
No, he sent his wife to a prophet of God, who said that her son would die.
Memory verse: Thou art not a God that hath pleasure in wickedness. Psalm 5:4
Elijah Goes to Ahab
I Kings 17
1. What does the Bible say about the kings
They walked in all the sins of Jeroboam,
2. What king especially walked in those wicked ways?
King Ahab who married the heathen princess Jezebel.
3. In what other way did Ahab show his wickedness?
He made the people serve Baal and killed Gods prophets.
4. How did God warn Ahab of his wickedness?
God sent the prophet Elijah to tell him that God would send no rain upon the land.
5. What happened when there was no rain?
There was a great famine, so that the cattle died and the people had no food.
6. How did God care for Elijah during the famine?
The ravens brought him food at the brook Cherith.
7. Where did God send Elijah after the brook dried up?
To a poor widow in
8. How did the Lord care for Elijah and the widow?
God gave them meal and oil every day.
9. How did the Lord show that He gives everlasting life?
God raised the widows son from the dead.
10. What lesson does God teach in caring for Elijah and the widow?
God teaches that He gives us our daily bread.
Memory verse: But my God shall supply all your need according to his riches in glory by Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:19
I Kings 18
1. How long did the famine in
The famine lasted three and a half years.
2. What had wicked king Ahab been doing during this time?
Ahab was looking for Elijah to kill him.
3. What did the Lord command Elijah to do?
God commanded him to go to Ahab.
4. What did Elijah tell Ahab?
Elijah told him to gather all the people at mount Carmel.
5. What were the people of
They were told to pray to Baal to bring fire on their altar.
6. Did Baal bring fire on their altar?
No, for Baal was only an idol.
7. What did Elijah then tell the people to do?
He told them to pour water on and around his altar.
8. What did the prophet do after that?
He prayed to God, and God brought fire from heaven.
9. Were the people afraid?
Yes, in fear they cried out, Jehovah He is the God.
10. Did God send rain upon the land?
Elijah prayed and the Lord sent much rain on a thirsty land.
Memory verse: I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me.
Jehoshaphat Is King of
II Chronicles 14-20
1. Name two God fearing kings of
King Asa and his son Jehoshaphat.
2. How did Asa show that he feared the Lord?
He broke down the idols that the people had made.
3. How did the Lord show that He was with Asa?
The Lord destroyed a large army from
4. Did Asa always trust in the Lord?
5. What did Jehoshaphat do for
Jehoshaphat taught the people to serve the Lord.
6. What great sin did Jehoshaphat commit?
He joined with wicked Ahab to fight the Syrians.
7. What did Ahabs false prophets tell these kings?
Four hundred prophets told them they would win the battle.
8. What did Gods prophet Micaiah say?
He said that Ahab would be killed and
9. Did Ahab go to battle anyway?
Yes, but he did not dress like a king.
10. How was Ahab killed?
God guided an arrow of the enemy which killed him.
Memory verse: Their sorrows shall be multiplied that hasten after another god. Psalm 16:4
Elisha Is Prophet in
II Kings 2-5
1. How did Elijahs life on earth end?
God took him to heaven in a whirlwind.
2. Who became prophet after Elijah?
Elisha, the chief servant of Elijah.
3. What great miracle did Elisha perform?
He raised the son of a Shunammite woman from the dead.
4. Who came to Elisha to be healed?
Naaman, a Syrian captain, who was a leper.
5. How did he hear of Elisha?
A Jewish girl told him about the prophet.
6. What did Elisha tell Naaman to do?
He told Naaman to wash in the river
7. Was Naaman cured of his leprosy?
Yes, he was healed, and he also believed that God was the true God.
8. What sin did Elishas servant Gehazi commit?
He asked Naaman for presents of gold and clothing.
9. Why was this wrong of Gehazi?
The gifts of God cannot be paid with money.
10. How was Gehazi punished for this sin?
The leprosy of Naaman came on Gehazi.
Memory verse: Wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. Psalm 51:7
Elisha Promises Food to
II Kings 6, 7
1. Why did God still send prophets to
God sent prophets because there were
still Gods people in
2. Why could not the king of
The prophet Elisha always told the king where the Syrian army was.
3. What did the king of
He sent his army to capture Elisha.
4. Did the army capture Elisha?
No, the Lord struck the army with blindness.
Yes, the army encamped around the city
6. How did this trouble the people of
The people were hungry because no food could be brought in.
7. Were they very hungry?
They were so hungry that two women ate a baby.
8. What did Elisha promise the king?
He promised that there would be plenty food the next day.
9. How did this come about?
The Lord drove away the Syrian army during the night.
10. How could there be plenty of food for the people?
The army of
Memory verse: Behold,
he that keepeth
Jehu Is King of
II Kings 9, 10
1. Who was king in
Jehoram, the son of Ahab, was king.
2. Who was king in
Ahaziah, the wicked son of Athaliah.
3. Who was anointed to be the next king of
Jehu, the captain of
4. What was Jehu told to do?
Jehu was told to kill all the sons of wicked Ahab.
5. Who was the first one that Jehu killed?
Jehoram, the king of
6. Whom else did he kill?
Ahaziah, the king of
7. What happened to Jezebel, Ahabs wife?
Her servants threw her out of a window, and the dogs came and ate her flesh.
8. Were there still more that Jehu killed?
Yes, he killed all the sons of Ahab and all those who worshiped Baal.
9. Did Jehu do all this in zeal for God?
No, Jehu did all this for his own honor.
10. How did Jehu show that he was a wicked king?
He soon caused
Memory verse: But
Jehu took no heed to walk in the law of the Lord God of
Jonah Is Sent to
Book of Jonah
1. Who was Jonah?
Jonah was a prophet of God in
2. What did God command Jonah to do?
God commanded him to go to
3. Why did Jonah refuse to go to
At that time
4. What happened to Jonah when he ran away on a ship?
God sent a fierce storm on the sea.
5. What did Jonah offer to the men on the ship?
He offered to die that their lives might be spared.
6. Did Jonah drown when the sailors threw him into the sea?
No, for God had prepared a large fish to swallow him.
7. Did Jonah die inside the fish?
No, Jonah prayed to God, and God delivered him.
8. What happened when Jonah preached to
Many of the people repented and turned to the Lord.
9. Of what was Jonahs stay in the fish a sign?
It was a sign that Jesus would be in the grave three days and three nights.
Of what was the repentance of
That God would gather His church from other nations.
The men of
Joash Is King of
II Chronicles 22-24
1. Who was Athaliah?
Athaliah was the daughter of wicked Ahab.
2. What more do we know of Athaliah?
She was the mother of Ahaziah, king of
3. What did she do when she heard that Ahaziah was killed?
She killed her grandchildren, so that she could be queen.
4. Did she kill all her grandchildren?
No, the Lord caused baby Joash to be spared.
5. Where was Joash kept hidden?
In the temple, where the God-fearing Jehoiada was priest.
6. How old was Joash when he was made king?
He was seven years old when he was made king.
7. What happened to Athaliah?
She was killed when she came to the temple to see what was happening.
8. What important work did Joash do?
He taught the people to worship God in the temple.
9. Did Joash always do what was right in Gods sight?
He did what was right only as long as Jehoiada lived.
10. What evil did he do?
Joash turned to idols and killed Gods prophet.
Memory verse: There is no peace, saith my God, to the wicked. Isaiah 57:21
Hezekiah Is King of
II Chronicles 29-31
1. Name another good king in
Hezekiah, whose name means God is mighty.
2. What was the first thing that Hezekiah did?
He broke down the heathen altar that stood in the temple.
3. What else did he do?
He prepared a passover feast, which had not been held for a long time.
4. What do we read of this passover feast?
That it was the greatest that had ever been celebrated.
5. What helped to make it the greatest feast?
Hezekiah sent messengers into the ten
tribes to invite
the people of
A few did, but most of them laughed at the messengers and mocked them.
Those came who still feared the Lord.
did these people from
They destroyed many of the idols in their own land.
did God call these people out of
Because the time had come that God would
10. What happened to wicked
The Assyrians came and led them away into captivity.
Memory verse: And they sang praises with gladness, and they bowed their heads and worshipped.
II Chronicles 29:30
Hezekiah Becomes Sick
1. Who came to fight against Hezekiah?
The army of
2. What did the captain of the army say to the people?
He said that
3. Why did this captain think that they must not trust in their God?
Because no other god could stand up against his army.
4. What did Hezekiah do?
He told Isaiah all that this wicked man had said.
5. How did Isaiah answer the king?
He told the king that God would lead the captain away as an animal is led away.
6. How did the Lord show His power over
God killed the whole army in one night.
7. When Hezekiah was sick, what did Isaiah tell him?
Isaiah told him that he would die.
8. Why did Hezekiah pray to God to let him live?
The king had no son to follow him on the throne.
9. How did God answer Hezekiahs prayer?
God added fifteen years to his life and gave him a son.
10. Why was it so important for him to have a son to follow him on the throne?
Because Jesus was to be born of the royal line of David.
Memory verse: The living, the living, he shall praise thee, as I do this day. Isaiah 38:19
Manasseh Is King in
II Chronicles 33
1. Who became king after Hezekiah?
Hezekiahs son, Manasseh.
2. How old was Manasseh when he began to reign?
Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign.
3. Was Manasseh a good king?
Not at first, for the leaders of the people led him to serve idols.
4. Mention one of Manassehs sins.
He taught the people to worship the sun, moon, and stars.
5. What other sin did he commit?
Manasseh offered his son as a sacrifice to an idol.
6. How did he add to his sins?
Manasseh killed many of the people of God.
7. How did God punish Manasseh?
God put him in a prison in
8. Did he remain there?
No, when he repented of his sins God placed him back on the throne.
9. Did Manasseh restore the worship of Jehovah?
Yes, he caused the priests to sacrifice to God.
10. Did the people repent even as Manasseh had?
No, most of the people still served their idols.
Memory verse: And when he was in affliction, he besought the Lord his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers. II Chronicles 33:12
Josiah Is King of
II Kings 22, 23
1. Who was the last good king in
Josiah, who once more broke down the idols.
2. Did he also restore the worship of Jehovah?
Yes, he repaired the temple for the true worship of Jehovah.
3. What did the workers find in the temple?
They found a book of the law.
4. Of what did the law remind the people?
That God would surely punish them for their sins.
5. What did Josiah do at
Josiah burned the bones of the Baal priests on the altar.
6. Why was this so very important?
Years before, God had said to Jeroboam that this would happen.
7. What was the Lord telling the people by this?
That the sins of Jeroboam were also in
8. Of what was this a warning?
9. How did Josiah die?
He was killed in a battle with the Egyptians.
10. Was there a great mourning for Josiah?
Yes, both Jeremiah and the people mourned greatly.
Memory verse: The great day of the Lord is near, it is near, and hasteth greatly. Zephaniah 1:14
Jeremiah Is Prophet in Judah
1. Who was Jeremiah?
Jeremiah was one of the last prophets to warn Judah of their sins.
2. Show that the people did not listen to the prophet.
The people still served idols, even though some of them had already been taken to Babylon.
3. What did the false prophets tell the people?
They told them that those captives would soon come back.
4. What did the people say about Jeremiah?
They called him a traitor to his people.
5. How was Jeremiah mistreated?
Jeremiah was beaten and put in a dungeon for a long time.
6. How else was he mistreated?
Jeremiah was put in a cistern and left to die.
7. How did God deliver the prophet?
A servant begged the king to take him out.
8. How did God punish Judah for their sins?
King Nebuchadnezzar came with an army and took the people to Babylon.
9. What happened to Jeremiah?
He was left behind, and later taken to Egypt.
10. What did Jeremiah foretell about Judah?
That after seventy years God would bring them back to their own land.
Memory verse: It is of the Lords mercies that we are not consumed. Lamentations 3:22
Daniel and His Three Friends in Babylon
1. Who were among the first Jews to be taken in Babylon?
Daniel and his three friends.
2. How did God show that He was with Daniel and his friends?
They became rulers in Babylon.
3. How did the Lord show to Nebuchadnezzar that He is God?
The Lord told Daniel the kings dream and its meaning.
4. What was Nebuchadnezzars dream?
The king dreamed of a great image that stood for the kingdoms of the world.
5. What happened to this image?
A Stone came and crushed the whole image.
6. Who is that Stone?
Jesus Christ, who will destroy all the kingdoms of the world.
7. What did Nebuchadnezzar make after that?
He made a large image for all his princes to worship.
8. Who would not bow down before that image?
Daniels three friends, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego.
9. How did the king try to punish them?
He threw them into a hot, fiery furnace to be burned.
10. How did God save them from the fire?
God sent His Angel to deliver them.
Memory verse: Our God whom we serve is able to deliver us from the burning fiery furnace.
Daniel Is Thrown into the Lions Den
1. Was the Lord with Daniel also when Darius was king?
Yes, Darius made him chief ruler of the kingdom.
2. How did the other princes show their jealously?
They tried to find some evil in Daniel.
3. What was the only evil that they could find in him?
That Daniel prayed to his God three times every day.
4. Why did Daniel pray to God looking toward Jerusalem?
He prayed that God would bring the Jews back to their own country.
5. What did these wicked princes do?
They told the king to make a decree that every one should worship him only.
6. Did Daniel obey this decree of Darius?
No, he prayed to God as before.
7. How was the king forced to punish Daniel?
His servants forced him to throw Daniel into a den of lions.
8. What did the king ask Daniel the next morning?
O Daniel, ... is thy God ... able to deliver thee from the lions? Daniel 6:20
9. What did Daniel answer the king?
My God hath sent his angel, and hath shut the lions mouths. Daniel 6:22
10. What did the king do to these wicked princes?
He cast them into the lions den, and the lions devoured them.
Memory verse: Daniel kneeled upon his knees three times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks before his God, as he did aforetime. Daniel 6:10
Fifty Thousand Jews Return to Palestine
1. What had the prophet Isaiah foretold many years before?
That king Cyrus would let the people return to their own land. Isaiah 45:1-4
2. Did this actually happen?
Yes, Cyrus decreed that those who wanted to could return to Palestine.
3. What were these people called after the captivity?
They were called Jews, that is, Praisers of God.
4. How many Jews returned to Palestine?
About fifty thousand, both of the tribe of Judah and of the ten tribes.
5. How were they helped?
They were given gifts and treasures for the temple.
6. What was the first thing they did upon their return?
They built an altar to worship God.
7. Is that all that they did?
They also laid the foundation for the temple.
8. Were all the people happy when they saw the new foundation?
Some were, but some remembered Solomons beautiful temple and wept.
9. Who stopped the Jews from finishing the temple?
The Samaritans, who complained against them to the king of Persia.
10. When was the temple finally finished?
Twenty years later the temple was finished and dedicated to the Lord.
Memory verse: Then said they among the heathen, The Lord hath done great things for them.
Esther Becomes the Queen of Ahasuerus
Book of Esther
1. Name two Jews who did not return to Palestine.
Mordecai and his cousin Esther.
2. Where did they live?
They lived in Shushan, near the kings palace.
3. What wicked act did Esther commit?
She became queen of wicked Ahasuerus.
4. Who was Haman?
Haman was the chief ruler under the king.
5. Why was Haman angry with Mordecai?
He was angry because Mordecai would not bow down to him.
6. What did Haman plot in order to get rid of Mordecai?
He plotted to kill all the Jews.
7. What did Esther do?
Esther begged the king to spare her life and the lives of her people.
8. What became of wicked Haman?
He was hanged on the gallows that he had built for Mordecai.
9. What would have happened if all the Jews had been killed?
The promised Savior could not have been born.
10. What does this deliverance of the Jews show us?
It shows that God always watches over His people.
Memory verse: The Lord hath made all things for himself; yea, even the wicked for the day of evil. Proverbs 16:4
Ezra and Nehemiah in Jerusalem
Books of Ezra and Nehemiah
1. Who was Ezra?
A scribe, sent by the king of Persia, to teach the Jews the law of God.
2. Who went with Ezra to Jerusalem?
Priests and Levites, carrying gold and silver from Persia.
3. Who was Nehemiah?
Nehemiah was the kings cupbearer.
4. What did Nehemiah ask of the king?
He asked if he could go to Jerusalem to build the walls.
5. How was the work on the walls carried out?
When the enemy tried to stop them, half the people worked and half guarded them with weapons.
6. How did Nehemiah and Ezra teach the people?
They read the whole law of Moses to all the people.
7. Did the people keep the law?
No, they broke the Sabbath and married heathen wives.
8. What did Nehemiah do about the men that married heathen wives?
He told them to put away their wives.
9. What did Nehemiah do about the peddlers on the Sabbath?
He closed the gates so that they could not come in.
10. What can we learn from this history?
We can see the need for the coming of the Savior.
Memory verse: So they read in the book of the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense. Nehemiah 8:8