Heidelberg Catechism

Lord's Day 34

  • Q. 92.  What is the law of God?
    A.  God spake all these words, Exodus 20, Deuteronomy 5, saying: I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
    I. Thou shalt have no other gods before me.
    II. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; and showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.
    III. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.
    IV. Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labor, and do all thy work: but the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
    V. Honor thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.
    VI. Thou shalt not kill.
    VII. Thou shalt not commit adultery.
    VIII. Thou shalt not steal.
    IX. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.
    X. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbor’s.

  • Q. 93.  How are these commandments divided?
    A.  Into two tables:1 the first of which teaches us how we must behave towards God; the second, what duties we owe to our neighbor.2

  • Q. 94.  What doth God enjoin in the first commandment?
    A.  That I, as sincerely as I desire the salvation of my own soul, avoid and flee from all idolatry,3 sorcery, soothsaying, superstition,4 invocation of saints, or any other creatures;5 and learn rightly to know the only true God;6 trust in Him alone,7 with humility and patience8 submit to Him;9 expect all good things from Him only;10 love,11 fear,12 and glorify13 Him with my whole heart; so that I renounce and forsake all creatures,14 rather than commit even the least thing contrary to His will.15 

  • Q. 95.  What is idolatry?
    A.  Idolatry is, instead of, or besides that one true God who has manifested Himself in His Word, to contrive or have any other object in which men place their trust.16

  1. Ex. 34:28, 29. Deut. 4:13. Deut. 10:3, 4.

  2. Mat. 22:37-40.

  3. 1 Cor. 6:9, 10. 1 Cor. 10:7,14.

  4. Lev. 18:21. Deut. 18:10-12.

  5. Mat. 4:10. Rev. 19:10.

  6. John 17:3.

  7. Jer. 17:5, 7.

  8. Heb. 10:36. Col. 1:11. Rom. 5:3, 4. Phil. 2:14.

  9. 1 Pet. 5:5, 6.

  10. Psa. 104:27. Isa. 45:7. James 1:17.

  11. Deut. 6:5. Mat. 22:37.

  12. Deut. 6:5. Mat. 10:28.

  13. Mat. 4:10.

  14. Mat. 5:29, 30. Acts 5:29. Mat. 10:37.

  15. Mat. 5:19.

  16. 2 Chron. 16:12. Phil. 3:18, 19. Gal. 4:8. Eph. 2:12.

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