"Know ye that the Lord he is God..." (Ps. 100:3). Are not these words of the psalmist the expression of the faith of every true child of God? The Christian believes that his God is indeed GOD. He is the absolutely sovereign God of heaven and earth. It is He Who has created the world by His sovereign power. It is He Who even now upholds the world and all that is within it. It is He Who sovereignly governs and directs all the affairs of this world by His eternal counsel and almighty power. Even man is absolutely subject to His will. No one can frustrate God's will nor may anyone question God's works and ways. It is He Who is God, also in salvation. He sovereignly saves His people. In eternity He chose those whom He would save. In time He alone applies the work of Christ to His people and leads them to eternal life in glory. Thus the child of God declares, "who is so great a God as our God? Thou art the God that doest wonders..." (Ps. 77:13-14). Indeed, "the Lord he is God."
God's sovereignty is so clearly taught in Holy Scripture that it is impossible for anyone to deny this doctrine without denying the very Scriptures themselves. There are those however who, while they do not openly deny God's sovereignty, nevertheless deny that this doctrine ought to be emphasized. It is just one doctrine among many and therefore must be "kept in balance" with the rest. Moreover, they tell us that God's sovereignty takes us into the area of the "secret things" of God and it is very dangerous for God's people to concern themselves with these things which belong only to God. Thus they counsel us that while we may believe the doctrine of God's sovereignty, we dare not make too much of it. If we do, we will become "one-sided."
The Scriptures. however, teach us that God's sovereignty is not just another doctrine. It is the very heart of the gospel. If anything, ought to be emphasized. It is God's sovereignty. God is revealed as the Sovereign One on every page of Holy Scripture. While this can be shown from a survey of the whole Bible, we turn our attention to just one book of the Bible-- the book of Psalms. If there is any one book of the Bible that ought to demonstrate the proper emphasis of the Christian life, it is the book of Psalms. For in the Psalms we do not have detailed instruction in doctrine, such as in the book of Romans, but the expression of the heart and soul of the believer. The Psalms are expressions of the daily experience of the child of God. In them we find the believer's sorrows and joys, his fears and comfort, his desires and prayers. In them we find the proper emphasis of the Christian life. The emphasis is very obvious too-- GOD IS THE SOVEREIGN GOD. The child of God finds His comfort in that fact. He not only believes it to be true, but it is the heart and soul of his faith.
The Psalms are songs of praise and adoration of God. They are songs that praise God for His greatness and His glory. They acknowledge God to be the sovereign King. The psalmists know of no impotent and helpless god. They know of no god that is dependent upon man and his will. The God of the psalmists is the King. He is the eternal Ruler, Master and Sovereign. Thus the psalmist exclaims, "The Lord is King for ever and ever..." (Ps. 10:16). The Lord is the sovereign King of all the world. He is the King of every creature. All are subject unto him both the righteous and the wicked. "For the Lord most high is terrible; he is a great King over all the earth. He shall subdue the people under us, and the notions under our feet." (Ps. 47:2-3). Because God is the King, He is also the Judge. He holds men responsible for all his deeds. Those who refuse to obey His ordinances have reason to fear His terrible anger. He comes as the Sovereign Judge to destroy the wicked. But in His just judgment He also delivers His people. Therefore Israel could sing of the sovereign Judge, "Thou, even thou, art to be feared: and who may stand in thy sight when once thou art angry? Thou didst cause judgment to be heard from heaven; the earth feared, and was still, when God arose to judgment, to save all the meek of the earth," (Ps. 76:7-9).
God is not just another King, however. He is THE KING. He is the great and glorious King Who fills the hearts of men with awe. When we behold him we must proclaim, "O Lord our Lord, how excellent is thy namee in all the earth! who hast set thy glory above the heavens."(Ps, 8:1). When the Lord manifests Himself in his majesty then, "Clouds and darkness are round about him: righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne. A fire goeth before him and burneth up his enemies round about. His lightnings enlightened the world: the earth saw and trembled. The hills melted like wax at the presence of the Lord, at the presence of the Lord of the whole earth." (Ps. 97:2-5). The sovereign God is so high that He must bend Himself down just to behold the things of this earth. He is so great and glorious and man is so little. Even heaven itself is lowly in comparison with the majesty of God. The glory of the angels can not match the glory of the Most High God. "The Lord is high above all nations, and his glory above the heavens. Who is like unto the Lord our God, who dwelleth on high, Who humbleth himself to behold the things that are in heaven and in the earth" (Ps. 113:4-6).
It is not strange then, that God demands that we fear and worship Him. We are nothing in comparison with the Sovereign God. He is the glorious King Whom we are obligated to serve. "For who in the heaven can be compared unto the Lord? Who among the sons of the mighty can be likened unto the Lord? God is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints, and to be had in reverence of all them that are about him." (Ps. 89:6-7). We owe God reverence. We must honor Him as the glorious God. Man must not boast in himself and his doings, but in the majesty of God. Our duty is to worship the Lord with songs of praise. "Give unto the Lord. O ye mighty, give unto the Lord glory and strength. Give unto the Lord the glory due unto his name: worship the Lord in the beauty of holiness." (Ps. 29:1-2.
The psalmists not only praise God as the glorious King, but they praise Him for the manifestation of His great power. God is indeed the Ruler. His wondrous power is displayed everywhere. We see it in the creation of heaven and earth. The psalmist bursts forth in a song of praise of the Creator's power when he says, "Praise ye the Lord. Praise ye the Lord from the heavens: praise him in the heights. Praise ye him, all his angels: praise ye him all his hosts. Praise ye him, sun and moon: praise him, all ye stars of light; Praise him, ye heavens of heavens, and ye waters that be above the heavens. Let them praise the name of the Lord: for he commanded, and they were created." (Ps. 148:1-5) Men, angels, sun, moon, stars, and every creature ought to sing praises to God for "he commanded and they were created."
Moreover, the sovereign God even now governs and directs all of the affairs of this world by His power. The psalmist declares, "Wherefore should the heathen then say, Where is now their God? But our God is in the heavens: he hath done whatsoever he hath pleased." (Ps. 115:2-3). God does whatever He pleases. His power is so high, so mighty that whatever He has willed, He brings to pass. His will is never frustrated. Not even by the wicked who think that they can defy God and destroy His people. God so governs, that all things take place according to His good-pleasure. "The Lord reigneth, he is clothed with strength wherewith he hath girded himself: the world also is stablished that it cannot be moved." (Ps. 93:1). All things are what they are and do what they do because God so establishes them. No one is able to "move" anything from the place God has given it.
In many places the psalmists sing praises to God for the power and control He exerts over the animal world and the "forces of nature." Creation in general stands in the service of the Sovereign King (Ps. 74:13-17; 104:5-24; 105:16-41; 147:8-18). But what is even more important is the fact that God's rule extends over man-- both the wicked and the righteous. Even man, who seeks to be so independent, is bound to the will and power of the sovereign God. Man strives for power and authority, but it is God Who gives both to those whom He pleases. "For promotion cometh neither from the east, nor from the west, nor from the south. But God is the judge: he putteth down one, and setteth up another." (Ps. 75:6-7). All that man does is dependent upon the power of God. Man can do nothing without God. "Except the Lord build the house, they labour in vain that build it: except the Lord keep the city, the watchman waketh but in vain. It is vain for you to rise up early to set up late, to eat the bread of sorrow: for so he giveth his beloved sleep. Lo children are an heritage of the Lord: and the fruit of the womb is his reward." (Ps. 127:1-3). Man may seek to build a house but if God does not build it, it is impossible for man to do it. The watchman may seek to guard the city, but if God does not guard it, all his watching is vain. If a man sleeps in peace. it is because the Lord has given him sleep. Even our children are given to us by the wondrous working of God's power. Yea, all the affairs of man's life are under His control and direction.
No, the God of the Psalms is not a weak, impotent god. He is not a god who must work around man's will and way. He is the sovereign God Who has all things in His hands. He is the glorious King Who created, upholds, and governs the world. Thus with the psalmist we must praise the Lord by singing, "For I know that the Lord is great, and that our Lord is above all gods. Whatsoever the Lord pleased, that did he in heaven, and in earth, in the sea, and all deep places." (Ps. 135:5-6)
Since God is the sovereign King over all the world, we must also acknowledge that He is the sovereign Savior. How inconsistent we would be if we recognized God to be the great King, but refused to recognize Him as the Savior Who saves His people by sovereign grace alone. These two can not be separated. If God is not the sovereign Savior, then He can not be the Sovereign King. The Psalms, however, make it very clear that God is indeed the sovereign Savior. For the Savior IS the sovereign King. The Savior is the great God Who has created all things and Who upholds and governs all things. Thus the psalmist declares, "I will lift up mine eyes unto the hills, from whence cometh my help. My help cometh from the Lord which made heaven and earth." (Ps. 121:1-2). God's people find their help in the Savior Who created the world. The power of salvation is the power of the sovereign Creator.
Therefore, God is praised in the Psalms as the powerful, almighty Savior Who delivers from every foe. Does not every true Christian rejoice with the psalmist when he sings, "I will love thee, O Lord, my strength. The Lord is my rock, and fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, and my high tower." (Ps. 18:1-2). All these expressions picture God as a powerful and strong Savior. He is like a huge immovable rock. He is a strong fortress, a high defense tower. The Savior is the shield that protects His people from every enemy. Nothing can break through the defenses with which God has surrounded His people. The psalmists considered God to be so sovereign in salvation that they trusted Him completely. Thus the psalmist declares, "The Lord is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? The Lord is the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid?" (Ps. 27:1).
This confidence in the sovereign Savior is expressed not only through praise, but also through prayer. The Psalms are full of prayers in which God is petitioned for help and salvation. We read: "Out of the depths have I cried unto thee, O Lord; Lord, hear my voice: let thine ears be attentive to the voice of my supplications. If thou, Lord, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand? But there is forgiveness with thee, that thou mayest be feared. I wait for the Lord, my soul doth wait, and in his word do I hope." (Ps. 130:1-5). The psalmists were sinners just like all of God's people. They knew too, that if God would mark their sins they would not be able to stand. But by faith they were confident that God could and would save them. They waited upon the sovereign Savior. They did not look to themselves for salvation. They did not wait upon their own wills or works. Nor did they turn to others for help. Their certain hope was fixed upon God alone. They knew of only one Savior and that Savior is Jehovah God. "Truly my soul waiteth upon God: from him cometh my salvation. He only is my rock and my salvation: he is my defense; I shall not be greatly moved." (Ps. 62:1-2).
Salvation is the work of God's grace alone. It is the work of God's SOVEREIGN grace. The psalmists knew of no grace that must be earned by man or accepted by the will of man. Salvation is not conditioned by what man does, but is based totally upon the faithfulness of the Covenant God. God's people are saved only because God has established His covenant with them and promised to saved them. Thus God's people rejoice and sing, "I will sing of the mercies of the Lord for ever: with my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness to all generations. For I have said, Mercy shall be built up for ever: thy faithfulness shalt thou establish in the very heavens. I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn unto David my servant." (Ps. 89:1-3). The covenant faithfulness of God will never fail. Even when God's people violate the covenant, God remains faithful. He saves them in spite of their unfaithfulness, through the promised Seed. He promises, "My mercy will I keep for him for evermore, and my covenant shall stand fast with him. His seed also will 1 make to endure for ever, and his throne as the days of heaven. If his children forsake my law, and walk not in my judgments; if they break my statutes, and keep not my commandments; Then will I visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes. Nevertheless my loving kindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail. My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips." (Ps. 59:28-34).
It is the sovereign Savior, therefore, Who regenerates, converts, justifies, sanctifies, preserves, and glorifies His people. This was King David's conviction as demonstrated by Psalm 51. Unto Whom does David turn in the midst of his great sins? Does he find comfort in the fact that he did something for salvation? NO! He prays, "Have mercy upon me, O God. according to thy lovingkindness: according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions." (Ps. 51:1). He pleads for God's mercy. He does not look to himself for he acknowledges, "I was shapen in iniquity. and in sin did my mother conceive me," (Ps. 51:5). He is a sinner. How can he save himself? Thus he seeks his salvation in sovereign grace. God must "create" in him "a clean heart" and "renew a right spirit" in him. Only God can "restore" to him "the joy of salvation" and "uphold" him with His Spirit. If he is to be clean, God must "purge" him with hyssop and "wash" him so that he is whiter than snow. He knows that His salvation is God's work alone and therefore he declares, "O God, thou God of my salvation."(Ps, 51:14). We find this throughout the Psalms. In the midst of sin, the psalmists rely on God's sovereign grace. For all of the life of the believer is directed and controlled by God and His grace until He finally gives to him complete salvation, Thus all believers can say, "Thou shalt guide me with thy counsel, and afterward receive me to glory." (Ps. 73:24).
Moreover the Psalms teach us that salvation is not dependent upon man's choice, but upon the sovereign choice of God. The determining factor in salvation is God's will. The psalmists speak of God's election in many places. "Blessed is the nation whose God is the Lord; and the people whom he hath chosen for his own inheritance." (Ps. 33:12). In God's eternal and unchangeable counsel, He has chosen certain ones to be His people whom He saves. "For thou Lord hath chosen Jacob unto himself, and Israel for his peculiar treasure." (Ps. 135:4). He does not save all. God never intended to save everyone.
He saves only those whom He has chosen. God has but one people for His "peculiar treasure." All others know nothing of His salvation. It is upon His chosen people alone that He bestows His mercy, grace, and love. He has only wrath for the wicked. Thus the psalmist speaks of reprobation when he says of God, "Thou hatest all workers of iniquity." (Ps. 5:5). "The Lord trieth the righteous: but the wicked and him that loves violence his soul hateth." (Ps. 11:5). God's sovereign predestination was manifested throughout the old dispensation by the fact that God gave His Word to only His people. "He sheweth his word unto Jacob, his statutes and his judgments unto Israel. He hath not dealt so with any nation: as for his judgments, they have not known them. Praise ye the Lord." (Ps. 147:19-20).
Closely connected with God's sovereignty in salvation is God's sovereignty over the wicked. God always saves His people through the judgment of the wicked. God's people need to be saved from their enemies. In many places the psalmists even pray for the destruction of their enemies. In Ps. 68 we read, "Let God arise, let his enemies be scattered: let them also that hate him flee before him. As smoke is driven away, so drive them away: as wax melteth before the fire, so let the wicked perish at the presence of God." (Ps. 68:1-2). Sometimes very strong language is used. "Break their teeth, O God, in their mouth: break out the great teeth of the young lions, O Lord." (Ps. 58:6).
The basis for such prayers can only be the sovereignty of God. The almighty power of God controls even the wicked for the sake of God's people and their salvation. "He [God] suffered no man to do them [God's people) wrong: yea. he reproved kings for their sakes: Saying, touch not mine anointed, and do my prophets no harm." (Ps. 105:14-15). Though the wicked seek to destroy God's people and the cause of Truth, God holds them in His power and will not allow them to do anything which He has not appointed. "The Lord bringeth the counsel of the heathen to naught: he maketh the devices of the people of none effect." (Ps. 33:10). Though the "heathen rage... and the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord, and against his anointed,...He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision" (Ps. 2:1-4). God uses all the wicked deeds of the ungodly to advance the cause of His kingdom. Even their rebellion serves the Lord.
Yea, for the sake of His people, the Lord destroys the wicked. This is nowhere more evident than in the destruction of Egypt. The psalmist praises God for the destruction of the enemies of God's people when he declares, "Who smote the first-born of Egypt, both of man and beast, Who sent tokens and wonders into the midst of thee, O Egypt, upon Pharaoh, and upon all his servants." (Ps. 135:8-9). Not only Egypt, but also other heathen nations were destroyed for the sake of God's people. "Who smote great nations, and slew mighty kings; Sihon king of the Amorites, and Og king of Bashan, and all the kingdoms of Canaan: And gave their land for an heritage, an heritage unto Israel his people" (Ps. 135: 10-12). Thus God's people are saved through the destruction of the wicked by the sovereign power of God. With the psalmist therefore all of God's people must praise God and say, "Through God we shall do valiantly: for he it is that shall tread down our enemies." (Ps. 108:13). Because God is sovereign even over the wicked, the salvation of God's people is absolutely sure. Praise the Lord. He is the sovereign Savior.
From all that we have shown thus far, it ought to be clear that the various themes of the sovereignty of God run throughout the Psalms like golden treads. They are everywhere. If you were to pull out these threads by cutting out the doctrine of God's sovereignty, you would unravel the entire Psalter. For there is not one Psalm that does not refer to the sovereignty of God in one way or another. It is impossible to find a single Psalm which ignores this doctrine. The wonder of the book of Psalms, however, is that the great majority of the Psalms do not simply mention the sovereignty of God: they emphasize it! A careful study of the Psalms indicates that ninety percent of them devote at least fifty percent of their content to this doctrine. Think of that! One half of the content of one hundred and thirty six (136) Psalms deal with the themes of God's sovereignty. Moreover, one third of the Psalms are entirely devoted to these themes. This is amazing! It demonstrates conclusively that the sovereignty of God is the central theme of the book of Psalms. This book EMPHATICALLY exalts God as the sovereign God. Therefore, if the Christian is to be faithful to the Lord Who inspired these Psalms, He must not only believe, hut he must also emphasize God's sovereignty.
This fact can be further demonstrated by the manner in which the psalmists deal with this doctrine. They do not treat the doctrine of God's sovereignty in a cold, abstract manner. The beauty of this book of praise is that God's sovereignty is indeed the HEART and SOUL of the Psalms. The psalmists love this doctrine. It is precious to them. They find great comfort in the fact that their God controls and works all things for their salvation. They have nothing to fear. Even in the midst of tribulation, the psalmists have peace and contentment. This is the experience of all those who trust the sovereign God. They can say, "The Lord is my light and my salvation: whom shall I fear? The Lord is the strength of my life: of whom shall I be afraid?" (PS. 27:1). God's people have nothing to fear because the sovereign God is their Savior; He holds the very life of His people in His hands, and no one can touch that life apart from His appointment. For God's sovereign control extends to all of creation. There are no creatures which can take God's people away from their God. Thus Christians sing together, "God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble. Therefore will not we fear, though the earth be removed, and though the mountains be carried into the midst of the sea: though the waters thereof roar and be troubled, though the mountains shake with the swelling thereof." (Ps. 46:1-3).
The doctrine of God's sovereignty, therefore, gives to the believer a wonderful joy. He is happy because he knows that he is safe in the everlasting arms of God. King David spoke of that joy when he exclaimed, "The King shall joy in thy strength, O Lord; and in thy salvation how greatly shall he rejoice." (Ps. 21:1). The great strength of the Lord is the very basis of the Christian's joy. What joy could the children of God have if God was some impotent, weak god who had no sovereign power to save them? None whatsoever! The Christian rejoices because God is not only willing, but also able to save them. Thus the psalmist prays, "But let all those that put their trust in thee rejoice: let them ever shout for joy, because thou defendest them: let them also that love thy name be joyful in thee." (Ps. 5:11).
This joy which the believer experiences naturally produces a gratitude that praises God for his greatness. Thus we find praise throughout the Psalms. In fact, the books of Psalms is a book of praise precisely because its theme is that of God's sovereignty. It is the sovereignty of God that is praised. Because God saves His people and delivers them from their enemies by His sovereign power, believers sing of his greatness. The sovereignty of God and praise are inseparable. The psalmist says, "Great is the Lord, and greatly to be praised; and his greatness is unsearchable." (Ps. 145:3). Because the Lord is great, He is greatly to be praised. God's people are exhorted, "O clap your hands, all ye people; shout unto God with the voice of triumph." (Ps.47:1). What could be the reason for such shouts of praise? The answer-- "For the Lord most high is terrible: he is a great King over all the earth... God reigneth over the heathen: God sitteth upon the throne of his holiness." (Ps. 47:2.7). Someone who does not believe in the sovereignty of God has no basis whatsoever for praising God.
God reveals Himself and His greatness to His people by means of His works. Throughout the Psalms, therefore, the psalmists praise God for these wondrous works. Because God's sovereignty is exhibited in His works, the psalmist says, "I will praise thee: for I am fearfully and wonderfully made; marvelous are thy works; and that my soul knoweth right well." (Ps. 139:14). Here the sovereign act of creation is praised. We are fearfully and wonderfully made. The psalmists, however, praise God for all of His mighty acts. In fact, believers from one generation to another are to continually praise God for His sovereign works. "One generation shall praise thy works to another, and shall declare thy mighty acts. I will speak of the glorious honor of thy majesty, and of thy wondrous works. And men shall speak of the might of thy terrible acts: and I will declare thy greatness." (Ps. 145:4-6).
What is true of God's works in general is especially true of His work of salvation. The believer praises God for all of His works as they relate to his own salvation. He praises Him because He sovereignly works all things for their salvation. Thus the Church sings, "O sing unto the Lord a new song; for He hath done marvelous things: his right hand, and his holy arm, hath gotten him the victory. The Lord hath made known his salvation....He hath remembered his mercy and his truth toward the house of Israel: all the ends of the earth have seen the salvation of our God." (Ps. 98:1-3). God's people praise Him because they recognize that their salvation is the result of the mighty right hand and holy arm of the Lord. Salvation is the result of the marvelous things God has done. Moreover, the believer knows that His salvation goes back to the eternal election of God. Therefore, he praises God for His sovereign will which has chosen him to salvation. "Praise the Lord; for the Lord is good: sing praises unto his name: for it is pleasant. For the Lord hath chosen Jacob unto himself, and Israel for his peculiar treasure. (Ps. 135:3-4).
The doctrine of God's sovereignty is such a wonderful Truth that the saint can not keep it to himself. He bursts forth in praise to God, but he also speaks of God's sovereignty to others. He proclaims the sovereignty of God. The psalmist declares, "O give thanks unto the Lord; call upon his name: make known his deeds among the people. Sing unto him, sing psalms unto him: talk ye of all His wondrous works." (Ps. 105:1-2). God's people make known God's great deeds and His wondrous works. They talk of them one to another. In fact, Christian parents must take care that they tell their children of the sovereign works of God. They must be very faithful in that so that their children can say, "We have heard with our ears. O God, our fathers have told us, what work thou didst in their days, in the tine of old. How thou didst drive out the heathen with thy hand, and plantedst them: how thou didst afflict the people, and cast them out. For they got not the land, in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them: but thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, because thou hast a favor unto them. Thou art my King, O God: command deliverances for Jacob." (Ps. 44:1-4).
This Truth is not something that the Church "believes" but does not promote and proclaim. True Christians do not hide it. They are not afraid of the doctrine of God's sovereignty. Thus God's people are to declare God's sovereignty even to the heathen. The people of God are admonished, "Declare his glory among the heathen, his wonders among all people. For the Lord is great, and greatly to be praised: ho is to be feared above all gods... Say among the heathen that the Lord reigneth: the world also shall be established that it shall not be moved...." (Ps. 96:3,4,10). The Christian is to declare God's glorious wonders even to the unbeliever. The message that is proclaimed to the unconverted is the message of God's sovereignty. The unbeliever must not think that salvation is dependent upon his will. He must be told that "the Lord reigneth" in all the world and especially in salvation. In fact, God's people must make this proclamation a part of their daily life. They must continually show forth God's wonders. For the psalmist says, "Sing unto the Lord, bless his name; shew forth his salvation from day to day." (Ps. 96:2). God's sovereignty is such a central part of the Christian's experience that it must be remembered and talked about on a regular basis.
Surely anyone who bows before the authority of God's Word will recognize that the Christian must not only believe the doctrine of God's sovereignty, but he must also emphasize it. It is the heart and soul of the Psalms and therefore must be the heart and soul of the believer's faith. The person who emphasizes this glorious Truth is NOT one-sided. Rather those who do not emphasize this doctrine are guilty of distorting the Truth of the gospel. The doctrine of God's sovereignty can be found on every page of the Psalms. Yea, on every page of Holy Scripture. It is the believer's comfort and joy, the basis for his thanksgiving and praise of God. and it is the Truth that must be proclaimed in the church and in the world. Indeed, "THE LORD HE IS GOD..." (Ps. 100:3). Let that be the heart of your faith so that you can say with the psalmist who closes the entire book of Psalms with the words, "Praise ye the Lord. Praise God in his sanctuary: praise him in the firmament of HIS POWER. Praise him for HIS MIGHTY ACTS: praise him according to His EXCELLENT GREATNESS... Let every thing that hath breath praise the Lord. PRAISE YE THE LORD." (Ps. 150:1,2,6).