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New Testament History for Seniors

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Adopted for use

in the Protestant Reformed Churches

by the Synod of 1963

 

FOREWORD

In accord with the decisions of the synods of the Protestant Reformed Churches from 1955-1963, the undersigned has prepared this book of catechetical instruction for our covenant children.

This book has been composed for children of 11 and 12 years old, and it serves to follow up the instruction as furnished in Rev. G. Vanden Berg’s "New Testament for Juniors." The purpose of this book is not only to acquaint our children with the facts of the New Testament, but also to introduce them to fundamental truths which are taught us by these facts and as professed in our Protestant Reformed Churches.

Also this book has been designed for a 30 week catechism season. The book contains twenty-five lessons, and there should be a review after every five lessons.

It speaks for itself that the use of maps would be of great benefit to the catechumens. This applies especially to Paul’s missionary journeys.

The author wishes to express his sincere appreciation to those who helped him in the composition of this book. We extend our sincere thanks to teachers of our Adams St. Protestant Reformed Christian School, the synodical Catechism Book Committee, and the synodical Reviewing Committee for the valuable suggestions offered for the improvement of this book.

May our covenant God use also this book unto the glory of His Name and the edification of our covenant children.

Rev. H. Veldman

 

LESSON 1 The Birth of John the Baptist

Luke 1

1. How does the New Testament differ from the Old?

It speaks of the fulfillment of the promise in Christ Jesus. Heb. 1:1, 2

2. What is the promise?

God’s oath that He will save His people, and bring them into heavenly glory through Christ Jesus.

3. Who was the last prophet before Christ?

Malachi, who prophesied of the coming of John the Baptist. Mal. 3:1; 4:5

4. What characterized the 400 years between Malachi and the coming of Christ?

The Jews served God with a mere formal worship, and not from the heart.

5. What was the religious development during these 400 years?

Different religious parties arose, such as the self-righteous Pharisees, and the unbelieving Sadducees.

6. What was the political history of Judah during these years?

Except for a brief period during the time of the Maccabees, Judah was subject to foreign nations.

7. Did all in Israel follow the Pharisees and Sadducees?

No, a remnant continued to pray for the coming of the promised Messiah. Luke 2:25, 36.

8. Who announced the birth of John the Baptist?

The angel Gabriel to Zacharias in the temple. Luke 1:15-20

9. What did the angel reveal to Zacharias concerning John?

That he would be a Nazarite prophet, who would call Israel to repentance. Luke 2:15-17

10. What happened to Zacharias when he did not believe the word of the angel?

He became deaf and dumb, as a sign of his unbelief. Luke 1:62-64

 

LESSON 2 Jesus Is Born

Matthew 2Luke 2

1. When was Jesus born?

In the fulness of time. Gal. 4:4

2. What is meant by the "fulness of time"?

It was the time when God had all things prepared for the coming of the Savior.

3. Who announced Jesus’ birth?

The angel Gabriel, who told Mary that she would be the mother of the Lord. Luke 1:26-38

4. Why did Joseph and Mary go to Bethlehem?

Because Caesar Augustus had decreed that the whole world should be taxed. Luke 2:1

5. What was God’s purpose with the decree of Caesar Augustus?

To bring Joseph and Mary to Bethlehem, the city of David, where Jesus had to be born.

6. Why was Jesus laid in a manger?

Because there was no room for Him in the inn. Luke 2:7

7. Does the fact that Jesus was laid in a manger have spiritual meaning?

Yes, there is never any room for Jesus in the heart of man until Jesus Himself makes room.

8. Why was the Savior born in such great poverty?

That through His poverty we might become rich. II Cor. 8:9

9. What did the angel instruct Joseph concerning the Savior’s name?

"Thou shalt call his name Jesus: for he shall save his people from their sins." Matt. 1:21

10. Is Jesus the Savior of all men?

No, He is the Savior only of the elect, who are gathered from all nations.

 

LESSON 3 The Ministry of John the Baptist

Matthew 3Mark 1Luke 3John 1

1. Who was John the Baptist?

John the Baptist was the forerunner of the Lord.

2. Which prophecy was fulfilled in John?

Malachi 3:1, "Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me."

3. What was John’s task?

He was called to prepare all Israel for the coming of Christ.

4. How was John prepared for his work?

God Himself instructed him in the wilderness and called him unto his work. Luke 1:76, 80; 3:2

5. Why did John labor in the wilderness?

As a testimony against the dead formalism of the temple service.

6. What did John emphasize in his preaching?

That the people must repent, for the kingdom of heaven was at hand.

7. Why did John emphasize that the kingdom was heavenly?

Because the people expected an earthly kingdom.

8. How did John answer the leaders of the Jews who asked him who he was?

"I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord." John 1:19-27

9. What did John answer when the people thought he was the Christ?

He pointed out that one mightier than he would come, who would baptize with the Holy Ghost and with fire.

10. What was the climax of John’s ministry?

He pointed out Jesus as the Lamb of God that taketh away the sin of the world. John 1:29

 

LESSON 4 Jesus’ Baptism and Temptation

Matthew 3, 4Mark 1Luke 3, 4

1. What event marks the beginning of Jesus’ ministry?

He was baptized by John in the river Jordan. Matt. 3:13-17

2. Why did Jesus go to John to be baptized?

Because Jesus could enter His kingdom only through His own death on the cross.

3. How do we know that this is the meaning of Jesus’ baptism?

Because the water of baptism is a sign of the blood of the cross. I John 5:6

4. Why could Jesus enter His kingdom only through His own blood?

Because He bore the sins of all His people.

5. What happened immediately after Jesus was baptized?

He was led by the Spirit into the wilderness, to be tempted by the devil. Matt. 4:1

6. What is the significance of this temptation?

It is the beginning of Christ’s battle with the devil.

7. What did the devil want Jesus to do?

He wanted Jesus to become disobedient to His Father.

8. What marks Jesus’ answers to the devil?

He answered the devil with the Word of God.

9. What does the outcome of Jesus’ temptation indicate?

Jesus had the victory, and He would surely destroy all the power of the devil.

10. What do these temptations teach us concerning our battle with sin?

That temptation can be overcome only through the Word of God and prayer.

 

LESSON 5 Jesus’ Ministry in Judea and Samaria

John 2-4

1. What was the first miracle Jesus performed?

He changed water into wine at Cana of Galilee. John 2

2. What are miracles?

Miracles are signs of the wonderful grace of God in Christ Jesus.

3. What did the miracles of Jesus show?

They showed that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God.

4. Where did Jesus spend the first year of His ministry?

Mainly in Judea, where He labored about ten months.

5. What did Jesus do in Jerusalem when He visited the temple?

He drove out the buyers and sellers from the temple. John 2:13-17

6. What sign did Jesus give the Jews to show His authority?

John 2:19 b, "Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up."

7. What did Jesus tell Nicodemus is necessary to enter the kingdom of heaven?

Regeneration: "Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God." John 3:3

8. What is the main thought in Jesus’ conversation with the Samaritan woman?

That He is the water of life because He is the Christ. John 4:14

9. What was the effect of Jesus’ labors among the Samaritans?

Many of the Samaritans believed in Him. John 4:42

10. What did the faith of the Samaritans foretell?

That Jesus would be rejected by the Jews but received by the Gentiles.

 

LESSON 6 Jesus’ First Galilean Tour

Mark 2Luke 4, 5

1. What did Jesus teach in the synagogue at Nazareth?

That He was the fulfillment of Isaiah’s prophecy of the Lord’s Anointed. Luke 4

2. Did the people of Nazareth believe His preaching?

No, they were offended and tried to kill Jesus.

3. Of what is the rejection of Jesus in Nazareth a proof?

That Jesus came unto His own, and His own received Him not. John 1:11

4. Where did Jesus go from Nazareth?

He went to Capernaum, which was the center of His labors for a long time. Matt. 4:13

5. What took place in Capernaum?

He healed the sick, and even cast out devils. Luke 4:40, 41

6. What did Jesus do at the Sea of Galilee?

He gave the sign of the wonderful catch of fishes, and called His disciples to be fishers of men. Luke 5:1-11

7. What is the meaning of this miracle of the catch of fishes?

That the Son of God gathers His church by His Spirit and Word. Lord’s Day 21, Qu. 54

8. Why did Jesus heal a man sick of the palsy?

To show that the Son of Man had power on earth to forgive sins. Luke 5:18-26

9. Who were the Pharisees?

A sect of the Jews, who sought salvation by the works of the law.

10. What does Jesus say to those who trusted in themselves that they were righteous?

"I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance." Mark. 2:17

 

LESSON 7 The Sabbath Dispute and the Sermon on the Mount

Matthew 5-7Mark 2John 5

1. What was important in Jesus’ healing of the sick man at the pool of Bethesda?

Jesus healed the man on the Sabbath day. John 5:9

2. What was Jesus’ purpose in healing the man on the Sabbath?

He sought an occasion to speak of the true meaning of keeping the Sabbath day.

3. Did Jesus break the Sabbath as the Jews charged?

No, Jesus kept the Sabbath by doing the works of God. John 5:16-23

4. Why did the Jews hate and oppose Jesus?

Because Jesus said He was the Son of God, thus making Himself equal with God. John 5:18

5. Whom did Jesus choose at this time?

He chose His twelve disciples, whom He also named apostles. Luke 6:12-16

6. What important instruction did Jesus give toward the end of this first Galilean tour?

The instruction concerning the kingdom of heaven in the Sermon on the Mount.

7. What is the chief subject of the Sermon on the Mount?

The kingdom of God, which is both spiritual and heavenly.

8. Of what does Jesus speak first in this sermon?

He describes the true citizens of the kingdom and their calling.

9. What does Jesus say about the righteousness of the kingdom?

"Except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven." Matthew 5:20

10. What is the calling of the citizens of the kingdom?

They must seek first the kingdom and its reward, and not Mammon.

LESSON 8 Jesus’ Second Galilean Tour

 

Luke 7:19-35; 8:41-56

1. Why did John the Baptist send messengers to ask Jesus if He were the Christ?

Because while he was in prison, John began to doubt that Jesus was truly the Christ. Matt. 11:1-3

2. How did Jesus answer John’s disciples?

He reminded them of all His mighty miracles and preaching which prove that He is the promised Christ. Matt. 11:4, 5

3. What did Jesus tell the multitude that had not repented at John’s preaching and did not repent now?

That they always made excuses, and that their punishment would be greater than that of Sodom and

Gomorrah.

4. Why do some believe in Jesus and others not?

Because God hides the things of the Kingdom from the wise and prudent, and reveals them unto babes.

Matt. 11:25-27

5. What are parables?

Parables are earthly events that make known the things of the kingdom of heaven.

6. Why do parables make known the things of the kingdom of heaven?

Because God made the earthly as a picture of the heavenly.

7. Why must all men clearly understand the things of the kingdom?

That the wicked may be without excuse, and that the believers may be strengthened in their faith.

8. What notable miracle occurred about this time?

Jesus raised the daughter of Jairus from the dead. Matt. 9:20-26Luke 8:41-56

9. What was the result of the raising of the daughter of Jairus?

"The fame hereof went abroad into all that land." Matt. 9:26

10. Where did the second Galilean ministry end?

At Nazareth, where Jesus was rejected for the second time. Matt. 13:53-58

 

LESSON 9 Jesus’ Third Galilean Tour

Mark 6:35ff.; John 6

1. What marks the beginning of the third Galilean tour?

Jesus sent out the twelve apostles to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. Matt. 10

2. What was told Jesus at this time?

That John the Baptist had been beheaded in prison. Matt. 14:3-12

3. What miracle did Jesus perform near Capernaum?

He fed five thousand men with five loaves and two fishes. John 6:1-13

4. What is the result of the miracle of the feeding of the 5,000?

The multitude became enthusiastic, and wanted to force Jesus to be their earthly king.

5. What did Jesus point out to those who would make Him king?

That He is the Bread of Life, and that His kingdom is not of this world.

6. Did the multitude desire Jesus as the Bread of Life?

No, they turned back and walked no more with Him. John 6:66

7. How did Jesus explain the fact that many rejected Him?

He said, "No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him." John 6:44

8. Where did Jesus go after this rejection?

He left Galilee and went to the border of Tyre and Sidon to heal the daughter of a Syro-Phoenician woman.

9. What did Jesus teach His disciples by this visit to Sidon?

That after Israel rejected Jesus, He would gather His people from the Gentiles.

10. What remarkable confession did Peter make in Caesarea Philippi?

"Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God." Matt. 16:16

 

LESSON 10 Jesus’ Transfiguration

Matthew 16:18Mark 8, 9Luke 9

1. What did Jesus begin to tell His disciples after Peter’s confession?

He began to instruct His disciples about His suffering and death. Matt. 16:21-23

2. What, according to Jesus, characterizes true discipleship?

One must deny himself, take up his cross, and follow Jesus. Matt. 16:24

3. What event took place toward the close of Jesus’ third Galilean tour?

Jesus was transfigured on a mountain in the presence of three of His disciples. Matt. 17:1-8

4. Why did Moses and Elijah appear on the mount?

They spoke to Jesus of His death and resurrection as foretold by the law and the prophets.

5. What did this transfiguration mean for Jesus?

It was a foretaste of the glory He would receive after His suffering and death.

6. What was the purpose of the transfiguration for the disciples?

That as eyewitnesses they could later testify of His glory. II Peter 1:16-18

7. What was Jesus’ attitude following His transfiguration?

He steadfastly set his face to go to Jerusalem.

8. What miracle did Jesus perform on His way to the feast at Jerusalem?

He healed ten lepers, one of whom was a Samaritan.

9. What did Jesus do on the last day of the Feast of Tabernacles?

He cried, "If any man thirst, let him come unto me and drink." John 7:37

10. What was the attitude of the Jews toward Jesus at this time?

Several times they tried to kill Jesus, but they could not because His hour was not yet come.

John 7:30, 8: 20

 

LESSON 11 The Raising of Lazarus

John 10, 11

1. What great miracle did Jesus perform in Jerusalem?

He healed the man who was born blind.

2. What did Jesus declare concerning Himself in the temple?

That He is the Good Shepherd, who loves His sheep and gives His life for them. John 10:1-15

3. Why could not the wicked Jews believe in Jesus?

They could not believe because they were not of His sheep. John 10:22-31

4. Where did Jesus go after the Jews in Jerusalem sought to kill Him?

He went to Perea, across the Jordan, where He taught the people in parables.

5. Mention some of the notable parables Jesus taught in Perea.

The parables of the rich fool, the lost sheep, the lost coin, and the lost son.

6. Why did Jesus return to Judea?

He went to raise Lazarus, who had been dead four days.

7. Why was the raising of Lazarus the greatest of Jesus’ miracles?

Jesus expresses this in His words to Martha, "I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live." John 11:25

8. What was the effect of the raising of Lazarus on the Jews?

The Jewish Council plotted to kill Jesus. John 11:46-53

9. What was Jesus’ reaction to the plot of the Council?

He walked no more openly among the Jews and retired to the city of Ephraim. John 11:54

10. Why did Jesus avoid the Jews?

Because His hour was not yet come.

 

LESSON 12 From Ephraim to Jerusalem

Luke 18, 19John 12

1. Mention some of the parables that Jesus taught in Ephraim.

The parables of the unjust judge, the pharisee and the publican, and the laborers in the vineyard.

2. What did Jesus answer the rich young ruler who sought eternal life?

"Go and sell that thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come and

follow me." Matt. 19:21

3. What did Jesus stress about His suffering?

He announced that the time was very near.

4. What was the reaction of the disciples to Jesus’ telling them that He was to suffer and die?

They failed to understand that Jesus must suffer and die because they expected an earthly kingdom.

5. What miracle did Jesus perform on His way to Jerusalem?

He healed blind Bartimaeus near Jericho.

6. Why did Jesus visit at the home of Zacchaeus?

He brought salvation to the home of this true child of Abraham.

7. When did Jesus arrive in Bethany?

On Friday, six days before the last Passover.

8. At whose home did Jesus and His disciples attend a supper?

At the home of Simon the leper, where Mary, Martha, and Lazarus were also present.

9. How did Mary show her faith in Jesus at this supper?

She anointed Jesus’ feet with precious ointment.

10. How did Jesus explain this act of love?

He said she did this in preparation for His burial.

 

LESSON 13 Passion Week

Matthew 21Mark 11Luke 19John 13

1, Of what was Jesus’ royal entry into Jerusalem a sign?

That as the King Jesus would enter His kingdom as a humble servant.

2. What is the significance of the second cleansing of the temple?

It is a sign that Jesus came to cleanse the spiritual house of God of all its sin.

3. What is the importance of the Tuesday of Passion Week?

It was the last day of Jesus’ public ministry, in which He spoke much of His second coming and of the final judgment.

4. What happened on Wednesday?

Jesus privately instructed His disciples, and Judas plotted with the chief priests to betray Jesus.

5. What was the meaning of the foot-washing at the Last Supper?

It was a sign that Christ humbled Himself as a servant to wash His people in His blood.

6. What lesson did Jesus teach us by washing the disciples’ feet?

That we must serve one another because we are washed in His blood.

7. Did Jesus’ enemies intend to kill Jesus publicly at this time?

No, they intended to kill Him secretly, and not on the feast day.

8. How did Jesus force the Jews to act immediately?

He dismissed Judas, saying to him, "That thou doest, do quickly." John 13:27

9. What did Jesus do after the dismissal of Judas?

He instituted the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper.

10. What are the signs of this sacrament?

The broken bread and the poured out wine as signs Christ’s broken body and shed blood.

 

LESSON 14 Jesus’ Arrest and Trial

Matthew 26Mark 14, 15Luke 22, 23John 18, 19

1. What did Jesus pray in Gethsemane?

"O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as Thou wilt."

Matt. 26:39

2. How did Jesus show that His enemies were powerless to capture Him?

He struck down the whole band by the word of His power. John 18:1-12

3. To whom was Jesus taken first after His arrest?

To Annas, father-in-law of Caiaphas, and a former high priest. John 18:13, 19-24

4. How did the Jewish Council that tried Jesus show their wickedness?

They sought false witnesses to testify against Jesus. Matt. 26:59

5. Upon what ground did the Jewish Council finally condemn Jesus?

Upon Jesus’ testimony that He was the Christ, the Son of the living God. Matt. 26:63-66

6. Why was Jesus’ condemnation by the Sanhedrin so very wicked?

Because it showed plainly that they rejected Jesus as the Christ.

7. What added to Jesus’ suffering while He was on trial before the Jews?

He was denied by Peter, one of His own disciples.

8. What was the attitude of Pilate at the trial of Jesus?

Pilate was afraid of Jesus, especially because he knew that Jesus was innocent.

9. Why did Pilate sentence Jesus to die even though he knew Jesus was innocent?

Because he was afraid of the people and because he wanted the friendship of Caesar.

10. What was God’s purpose in the entire trial of Jesus?

To prove that Jesus was innocently condemned to death.

 

LESSON 15 Calvary

 

Matthew 27Mark 15Luke 23John 19

1. Did Jesus die to save all men?

No, He laid down His life only for the sheep whom the Father had given Him. John 10:11, 15, 27-29

2. Why did Jesus die the death of the cross?

Because the death of the cross is an accursed death, and He took our curse upon Himself. Gal. 3:13;

Deut. 21:23

3. Why was it necessary for Jesus to take our curse upon Himself?

In order to pay for our sins and merit everlasting life for us.

4. How did Jesus show that He died willingly for our sins?

As soon as He was nailed to the cross, He prayed, "Father, forgive them; for they know not what they

do." Luke 23:34

5. What added to the suffering of Jesus on the cross?

That all who saw Him mocked and derided Him.

6. What do we read of the two malefactors who were crucified with Jesus?

That the one mocked Jesus, and the other repented and prayed to be remembered by Christ in His

kingdom.

7. What happened during the three hours of darkness?

Jesus suffered the torments of hell because of the sins of all His people.

8. What is the meaning of the sixth cross-word, "It is finished"?

That Jesus had fulfilled the Scriptures and finished the work which the Father gave Him to do.

9. How did Jesus further show that His work was finished?

He confidently commended His spirit into His Father’s hands when He died.

10. How did God show that Jesus’ work was finished?

The sun was darkened, the earth quaked, the graves of many saints were opened, and the veil of the

temple was rent.

 

LESSON 16 Jesus’ Resurrection and Ascension

Matthew 28Mark 16John 20, 21Luke 24

1. What happened in the early morning of Jesus’ resurrection?

The earth quaked, and an angel rolled the stone away from the door of the sepulchre. Matt. 28:1-8

2. Why did the angel roll the stone away?

That the empty grave might serve as a witness of Jesus’ bodily resurrection.

3. How did the linen clothes prove the resurrection of Christ?

They were lying there just as they had been wrapped about Jesus’ body. John 20:1-9

4. What does Jesus’ resurrection prove to us?

That He has fully paid for all our sins and has destroyed the power of death and the grave. Rom. 4:25;

Heb. 2:14, 15

5. What did Jesus do during the forty days after His resurrection?

He appeared to His disciples many times and instructed them concerning the things of the kingdom of God.

6. What purpose do all the appearances of the risen Lord serve?

They serve as many infallible proofs of His resurrection.

7. What did Jesus do forty days after His resurrection?

He ascended bodily to heaven before the eyes of His disciples.

8. What is the importance of Jesus’ ascension?

That He is exalted at the right hand of God, and has all power in heaven and on earth. Matt. 28:18

9. What does Jesus do for us in heaven?

He prays for us and rules over us by His Word and Spirit.

10. When will Jesus return?

At the end of the world He will return in great power and glory.

 

LESSON 17 Pentecost 

 

Acts 2

1. Why does the book of Acts begin with the ascension of Jesus Christ?

Because it speaks of the things that the exalted Lord continued to speak and to do through His apostles.

2. What happened on Pentecost, the fiftieth day after Easter?

The Holy Spirit was poured out into all the church.

3. Which signs accompanied the outpouring of the Holy Spirit?

The sound as of a rushing, mighty wind, the cloven tongues as of fire, and the speaking in other languages. Acts 2:1-4

4. Of what is the sound of the mighty rushing wind a sign?

Of the irresistible and mysterious operation of the Holy Spirit in the hearts of believers.

5. To what do the cloven tongues as of fire refer?

To the power of the Holy Spirit to cleanse from sin and to consecrate the believer to the service of God.

6. What is the meaning of the speaking in other languages?

That the gospel would now be proclaimed to all nations.

7. How did Peter explain the events of Pentecost?

He declared that what the people now saw and heard was the fulfillment of the prophecy of Joel.

Acts 2:16

8. How did Peter admonish those who were pricked in their hearts through his preaching?

"Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye

shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost." Acts 2:38

9. What was the fruit of Peter’s sermon?

About three thousand repented and were added to the church.

10. What comforting words did Peter speak to them?

"For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call." Acts 2:39

 

LESSON 18 Persecution and Growth

Acts 3-6

1. How did the Lord cause the church at Jerusalem to grow?

Through the preaching and miracles of the apostles.

2. What was the first recorded miracle of the apostles?

The healing of the lame beggar at the gate of the temple. Acts 3:1-10

3. What was the importance of the miracle of the healing of the lame beggar?

It showed that Christ was now working signs and wonders through the apostles.

4. What was the result of the miracle of the healing of the lame beggar?

Through the preaching of the apostles about five thousand men believed.

5. What was the reaction of the Jews to the miracle of the healing of the lame beggar?

They were grieved at Peter’s preaching and put Peter and John in prison. Acts 3:12-4: 3

6. What did Peter and John answer when they were commanded not to teach in the name of Jesus?

"We cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard." Acts 4:20

7. What event brought great fear upon all the church?

The death of Ananias and Sapphira for the sin of lying against the Holy Ghost. Acts 5:1-11

8. What led to the apostles’ second imprisonment by the Sanhedrin?

The Sanhedrin was angry because the apostles continued to teach and perform miracles in the name of

Jesus.

9. What was the outcome of the apostles’ hearing before the Council?

The apostles were beaten and released, with the warning not to speak in the name of Jesus.

10. What was the reaction of the apostles to this persecution?

They rejoiced because they were counted worthy to suffer for Jesus’ sake. Acts 5:40-42

 

LESSON 19 The Church Spreads from Jerusalem

Acts 6, 7, 8

1. What incident marked the beginning of a widespread persecution of the church?

The martyrdom of Stephen, who was one of the first deacons.

2. What led to Stephen’s arrest?

The Grecian Jews hated Stephen’s preaching and could not argue against him. Acts 6:8-10

3. In what evil way did the Jewish Council try Stephen?

They used false witnesses to accuse Stephen of blasphemy. Acts 6:11-15

4. Why did the Jewish Council stone Stephen?

Because he accused them of being the betrayers and murderers of Jesus. Acts 7:51, 52

5. What followed immediately upon the death of Stephen?

A great persecution against the church at Jerusalem. Acts 8:1

6. What was the effect of this persecution upon the church?

The believers were scattered throughout Judea and Samaria, and even as far as Antioch and Cyprus.

Acts 9:1; 11:19

7. How did this persecution benefit the church?

The gospel was preached everywhere by those who were scattered abroad. Acts 8:4

8. Who labored in Samaria?

Philip the evangelist, followed later by John and Peter. Acts 8:5-14

9. To whom did the angel of the Lord send Philip?

To the Ethiopian eunuch, who was returning to his home from Jerusalem. Acts 8:26-40

10. What was the result of Philip’s preaching to the Ethiopian eunuch?

He believed and was baptized, and went his way rejoicing.

 

LESSON 20 The Gospel to the Gentiles

Acts 9, 10

1. What is one of the fruits of the outpouring of the Holy Spirit on Pentecost?

That the gospel is preached to all nations rather than only to the Jews.

2. Through what events did the Lord prepare the way for the preaching of the gospel to the Gentiles?

Through the conversion of Paul, Peter’s vision in Joppa, and the salvation of Cornelius.

3. Whom did God call to be the apostle to the Gentiles?

Saul of Tarsus, who was a leader in the persecution of the church.

4. How was Saul called to be an apostle?

Christ appeared to him as he journeyed to Damascus to persecute the Christians. Acts 9

5. How was Saul prepared for his work as missionary to the Gentiles?

The Lord revealed the gospel to him in Arabia. Gal. 1:17

6. What happened about the time of Saul’s conversion?

The persecution ceased, and Peter visited and strengthened the churches. Acts 9:31

7. What was the meaning of Peter’s vision of unclean animals at Joppa?

God revealed to him that the gospel must be preached also to the Gentiles.

8. What was Peter instructed to do in connection with the vision of unclean animals?

To go to Cornelius, a Roman centurion, in Caesarea, to preach the gospel to him.

9. What was the fruit of Peter’s preaching to Cornelius?

Cornelius and his whole house believed and were baptized.

10. How did the church react to Peter’s explanation of the conversion of Cornelius and his house?

They glorified God, saying, "Then hath God also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life." Acts 11:18.

 

LESSON 21 Paul and Barnabas Sent Out from Antioch

Acts 11, 12, 13

1. What is the importance of the church at Antioch?

It became the center from which the gospel was spread to Asia Minor and even to Europe.

2. How was the church at Antioch established?

Men from Cyprus and Cyrene preached the gospel both to Jews and to Greeks. Acts 11:19-21

3. How did the church at Jerusalem show its support of the work at Antioch?

They sent Barnabas, through whose preaching many were added to the Lord.

4. How did Herod persecute the church at Jerusalem about this time?

He killed James the apostle, and he put Peter in prison. Acts 12:1-3

5. Did Herod kill Peter also?

No, the angel of the Lord delivered Peter from prison. Acts 12:4-11

6. Did Herod’s persecution hinder the growth of the church?

No, the Word of God grew and multiplied.

7. Whom did Barnabas bring to Antioch to help him?

Barnabas went to Tarsus for Paul, and together they worked at Antioch for a whole year.

Acts 11:23-26

8. What did the Holy Ghost tell the church at Antioch?

"Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them." Acts 13:3

9. Did the church at Antioch heed the command to send out Paul and Barnabas?

Yes, after fasting and prayer, they laid their hands on them and sent them to preach the gospel.

10. What method did Paul follow in all his missionary labors?

He preached to the Jews first, and then to the Gentiles.

 

LESSON 22 Paul’s First Missionary Journey

 

Acts 13, 14

1. Where did Barnabas and Paul go to begin their missionary labors?

To the island of Cyprus, the home of Barnabas, taking John Mark with them.

2. Who opposed Paul at Paphos?

Bar-jesus, who was smitten with blindness when he tried to turn the governor from the faith.

Acts 13:4-12

3. Where did Paul and Barnabas go from Cyprus?

To Asia Minor, where John Mark forsook them at Perga.

4. What did Paul emphasize in his preaching to the Jews at Antioch in Pisidia?

That the risen Christ was the fulfillment of the Old Testament Scriptures.

5. What was the fruit of the preaching of Paul and Barnabas in Antioch of Pisidia?

Large multitudes came to hear them, but the Jews were provoked to envy and opposition.

6. What assurance did Paul and Barnabas have even though they were opposed by the Jews?

That as many as were ordained to eternal life would believe. Acts 13:48

7. What was the fruit of the preaching of Paul and Barnabas in Iconium?

It was so blessed that a great number of Jews and Greeks believed.

8. What compelled Paul and Barnabas to leave Iconium?

The unbelieving Jews stirred up persecution against them.

9. What happened to Paul and Barnabas at Lystra and Derbe?

The people first tried to worship them as gods, and later rejected and stoned Paul.

10. What did Paul and Barnabas do on their way back to Antioch?

They visited the churches that had been established, strengthened them in the faith, and ordained elders in every church. Acts 14:21-23

 

LESSON 23 Paul’s Second Missionary Journey

 

Acts 16-18, 22

1. How did Paul begin his second missionary journey?

With Silas he visited again the churches organized on his first journey. Acts 15:36-41

2. Why did not Paul preach in other parts of Asia Minor on this journey?

The Spirit forbade him, and thus led him to Troas, where he received the vision of the Macedonian man.

3. What was the significance of the vision of the Macedonian man?

It meant that God called him to preach the gospel also in Europe, beginning at Philippi.

4. How were Paul and Silas persecuted at Philippi?

Upon healing the girl with an evil spirit, they were beaten and put into prison. Acts 16:16-40

5. What was the positive fruit of Paul’s preaching at Philippi?

Lydia believed, the jailer was converted, and a small congregation was established. Acts 16:14ff.

6. What was the fruit of Paul’s preaching at Thessalonica?

Many devout Greeks and chief women believed, but the wicked Jews forced Paul to leave for Berea.

Acts 17:1-10

7. What do we read of the Bereans?

They received the Word with all readiness of mind, and searched the Scriptures daily. Acts 17:11

8. What was the effect of Paul’s preaching at Athens?

Most of the people mocked when he spoke of the resurrection of the dead, but a few believed. Acts 17:16-34

9. Where did Paul go from Athens?

To Corinth, where the Lord encouraged him by a vision to continue his labors there.

10. What was the fruit of Paul’s labor at Corinth?

A large congregation was established there after Paul labored a year and a half.

 

LESSON 24 Paul’s Third Missionary Journey

Acts 19-21

1. In which large city in Asia Minor did Paul spend most of his time on his third journey?

In Ephesus, the center of the worship of Diana, where he worked about three years.

2. What is the importance of Paul’s long stay in Ephesus?

Paul made Ephesus the center of the preaching of the gospel in the whole province of Asia. Acts 19:10

3. How did the Lord confirm Paul’s preaching at Ephesus?

God wrought special miracles, so that the sick were healed and evil spirits were cast out by the hand of

Paul. Acts 19:11, 12

4. What was the fruit of Paul’s labors in Ephesus?

The Word of God grew mightily and prevailed, so that many believed and forsook their heathen super-

stitions. Acts 19:17-20

5. Who opposed Paul in Ephesus?

Demetrius, who made silver shrines for Diana, created an uproar against him. Acts 19:23ff.

6. Where did Paul go from Ephesus?

He labored for some time in Macedonia and Greece. Acts 20:1-13

7. What happened at Troas on Paul’s homeward journey?

Paul raised from the dead a young man, Eutychus, who fell out of the window while Paul was preaching. Acts 20:6-12

8. What did Paul do when he was at Miletus?

He bade farewell to the elders of Ephesus and exhorted them to be faithful in their office.

9. What did the Spirit testify to Paul on his way to Jerusalem?

He testified that bonds and afflictions awaited him for the sake of the gospel. Acts 20:23

10. Which epistles did Paul write during this journey?

I and II Corinthians, Romans, and Galatians.

 

LESSON 25 Paul’s Arrest and Imprisonment at Rome

Acts 23-28

1. What happened to Paul when he came to Jerusalem?

A Jewish mob dragged him from the temple and tried to kill him. Acts 21:27-31

2. Who rescued Paul from this mob?

The captain of the Roman guard, who commanded him to be carried bound into the castle.

Acts 21:32-34

3. How did the Lord comfort Paul while a prisoner in the castle?

The Lord appeared to Paul and told him that he must also witness for Him at Rome. Acts 23:11

4. Where was Paul brought secretly from Jerusalem?

To Caesarea, where he was imprisoned for more than two years. Acts 24:24-27

5. Why was Paul finally sent to Rome?

Because he had appealed to Caesar, rather than be tried again at Jerusalem. Acts 25:9-12

6. What took place on Paul’s voyage to Rome?

Paul was miraculously saved when the ship was wrecked. Acts 27

7. How was Paul treated at Rome?

He was allowed to live in his own house, and was

free to preach the gospel for about two years. Acts

28:16-31

8. What does Paul say of the gospel in Romans 1:16?

"For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth, to the Jew first, and also to the Greek."

9. Does the book of Acts prove what we read in Romans 1:16?

Indeed, for the little church of Christ had spread from Jerusalem to Rome.

10. What was Paul’s comfort as he faced death?

"I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith: Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day."

II Tim. 4:7, 8

Last modified on 02 April 2013
Veldman, Herman

Rev. Herman Veldman (1908-1997) was born in Chicago, IL on April 22, 1908. He attended the Protestant Reformed Seminary, graduating in 1932.  He was ordained into the ministry in September of that year.

He served in the following Protestant Reformed Churches:

Pella, Iowa - 1932-37
Creston, Grand Rapids, Michigan - 1937-41
Kalamazoo, Michigan - 1941-50
Hamilton, ON Canada - 1950-51
First, Edgerton, Minnesota - 1953-1959
Hope, Redlands, California - 1959-63
Hope, Walker, Michigan - 1963-66
Hudsonville, Michigan - 1966-1971
Southwest, Wyoming, Michigan - 1971-78

He received emeritation in 1978 and passed into glory on January 22, 1997.

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