|HC Workbook LD 27-52|
|Updated: 2013-03-02 Size: 265 KB Downloads: 333|
Lord’s Day 27
This important Lord’s Day deals with the question, “Does the water of baptism itself wash away sin?” as well as the great covenant doctrine of infant baptism.
A. The working of baptism.
1. Baptism is a very spiritual matter. However, superstition has arisen concerning it. The Roman Catholic Church teaches not only that a person must be baptized with water to be saved, but also that the external sign (water) actually washes away sin.
a. Our Lord’s Day denies this when it says “____________________________________________
b. The Belgic Confession, Art. 34 denies this when it teaches “___________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________”c. Why does Answer 72 of the Catechism speak of the Holy Ghost as well as the blood of Jesus Christ? __________________________________________________________________________________”
c. Why does Answer 72 of the Catechism speak of the Holy Ghost as well as the blood of Jesus Christ? ____________________________________________________________________________
2. Baptism is called the “washing of regeneration” and the “washing away of sins” for two good reasons. These reasons are, according to Answer 73:
a. To teach us _______________________________________________________________________
b. To assure us ______________________________________________________________________
c. In both this teaching and assuring, the emphasis is on the words as and as really as. Thus the idea of the sacrament as a sign and seal must always be remembered.
B. Infant baptism.
1. What well-known church group insists that infants must not be baptized, but only those who profess to be believers? ____________________________________________________________________
a. They call this “faith baptism,” that is, faith must be present in an individual before he may receive this sacrament.
b. They appeal to such a text as Mark 16:16 to prove their point. Look up this passage. Does this passage prove their point? Why or why not? ___________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________
c. Look up the following passages. What part of these verses indicates that more than the adult believers were baptized?
1) Acts 16:14-15 _______________________________________________________________
2) Acts 16:33 __________________________________________________________________
2. Answer 74 gives three reasons why infants are to be baptized.
a. Infants as well as adults are included in the covenant and church of God.
1) Quote Genesis 17:7: “_________________________________________________________
2) Quote Acts 2:39: “____________________________________________________________
3) Quote from the Baptism Form, first line under “I. To Infants of Believers.” “_________________________________________________________________________________
b. The Holy Ghost, the author of faith, is promised to infants as well as to adults.
1) Quote Psalm 22:10: “_________________________________________________________
2) Quote Luke 1:15 b: “_________________________________________________________
c. Infants of believers must be distinguished from children of unbelievers as was done in the Old Testament by circumcision (Gen. 17:9-14).
1) The sign of the covenant in the O.T. was _____________________.
2) This sign involved _________________________, but since the precious blood of Christ has been shed, we are given a new sign of the covenant which is ______________________.
3) Circumcision was performed upon male infants at what age? _______________
4) Colossians 2:11, 12 teaches us that being circumcised without hands (that is, spiritual circumcision) means that we are ______________________ in baptism, and risen with Him through _____________________________.
C. True or False (Review of Lord’s Days 25-27)
____ 1. The sins of everyone who is baptized are washed away by the blood of Jesus.
____ 2. A person must be baptized into Christ in order to be saved.
____ 3. Sacraments are signs and seals of the righteousness of faith.
____ 4. God promises to save all the infants of believers.
____ 5. Infants of unbelievers may also be baptized.
____ 6. The sacrament of baptism has replaced the rite of circumcision.
____ 7. Being washed in the blood of Jesus, we more and more die to sin and live unto holiness.
____ 8. Faith is worked in our hearts by the sacraments.
____ 9. The water in baptism becomes powerful, that it washes away sin.
____ 10. As the preaching is designed for the ear, so the sacraments are for the eye.
Lord’s Day 28
With Lord’s Day 28 the Catechism begins the treatment of the Lord’s Supper. Here we are instructed in its institution and general meaning.
A. Question and Answer 75.
1. In the columns below write: a) the elements or earthly things used in the Lord’s Supper, b) what is done to them when the minister administers Communion, and c) what does each stand for.
__________ ___________________________________ ____________________________________
__________ ___________________________________ ____________________________________
2. The answer begins with the words, “... Christ has commanded all believers.” What does this mean for young people who have come to definite faith in Christ? __________________________________________________________________________________
3. Christ promises the believer two things through this Supper. Find these two main ideas in Answer 75. _______________________________________________________________
4. The question speaks of being assured in the Lord’s Supper. We expect this since sacraments are seals or guarantees. But what can it mean that the Supper “admonished” us? __________________________________________________________________________________
5. Does it make any difference whether a congregation uses individual cups or a common cup when it celebrates Communion? __________________________________________
B. Question and Answer 76 go a bit deeper into the meaning of the Supper.
1. The Question states that we eat the crucified body and drink the shed blood of Christ.
a. The Belgic Confession, Art. 35 states this in these words: “In the meantime ____________________________________________________________________________
b. To clarify this, the very next line of this article states: “_________________
c. This same article states this very beautifully when it calls faith the ________ ____________________________________________________________________________.
d. Hence, the confessions stress partaking in a conscious faith.
2. To eat and drink Christ with a believing heart means:
a. That we obtain ________________________________________________________
b. That we become _______________________________________________________
c. That we live ___________________________________________________________
C. Question and Answer 77 speak of the institution of the Supper.
1. One of the requirements of a sacrament is that it is instituted by Christ in the church. Where in Scripture do we read of this institution? ____________________________
2. According to the opening words of Art. 35 of the Belgic Confession, why did our Savior ordain and institute the Holy Supper? _________________________________________
3. In what night was Christ betrayed? ___________________________________________
a. What was Christ doing with His disciples at the time He instituted the Holy Supper? ____________________________________________________________________
b. In other words, the Lord’ Supper takes the place of _______________________, just as Baptism takes the place of _____________________________.
4. In your own words, what does the last sentence of Answer 77 teach?
Lord’s Day 29
Here we get into the actual relationship between the body and blood of Christ on the one hand, and the bread and wine on the other. A great deal of meditation and thought is required of us if we are to understand the wonderful gift Christ gives to us in this Supper. Read Art. 35 of the Belgic Confession.
A. Question and Answer 78 states that the bread and wine do not become the very body and blood of Christ.
1. Here we are told to remember that the sacrament is a sign!
a. Does the water of baptism change into the blood of Christ? ____ Is the sprinkling of water the actual washing away of sins? _____
b. Thus, the bread does not become the ________________, and the wine does not become the _____________________.
2. Yet, it is the nature of sacraments to call the signs (bread and wine) by the name of the things signified or pointed to (body and blood).
a. Can you give an example of this from daily life? _________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________
b. Read Matthew 26:26-28. Why is it clear in this passage that the bread and wine are not actually the body and blood of Christ? ____________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
c. As far as our tasting and seeing are concerned, why is it impossible to maintain that what we eat and drink is really the body and blood of Christ? __________ ____________________________________________________________________________
3. There are various views concerning the Lord’s Supper. By referring to a book, or asking your parents, tell what is maintained by the:
a. Roman Catholics: _____________________________________________________
b. Lutherans: ___________________________________________________________
B. Question and Answer 79 look at the same question positively.
1. We are fed as to our souls by the crucified body and shed blood of Christ just as _______________ and _________________ support this temporal life.
a. Why is bread used in the sacrament? ________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________
b. Why is wine used? _______________________________ Would grape juice be just as good? _______ Why or why not? _______________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________
2. Just as with Baptism, the emphasis is on the words as really. The seal or pledge stands out here. As really as we receive with our mouths the holy signs, so really are we _____________________________________________.
3. Whose operation must be present if we are to benefit through the Supper? ___________________________________________________________________________________
4. God wants the church never to forget what His precious Son accomplished on the cross for us.
a. This is shown by the words “in _______________________ of me.”
b. We must continue celebrating the Lord’s Supper until ____________________ ____________________________________________________________________________.
Lord’s Day 30
This Lord’s Day continues to define the Lord’s Supper, especially setting forth what it is not, and who properly may partake. It also begins to speak of discipline.
A. Question and Answer 80 is sometimes criticized for speaking so sharply against the Mass. The question is not whether the language is sharp; it is. But the question is: Is the Mass idolatry? If so, then it is surely accursed of God!
1. What church has the Mass? _______________________ It would be interesting if you could find out when the Mass originated. _______________________________________________________________
2. We do well to get the Mass clearly before our minds. There are really two parts to the Mass, the Mass proper and communion. The Roman Catholic Church teaches that the Mass is a visible sacrifice which continues the sacrifice of Christ on the cross until the end of time. Pope Pius IV said, “I profess that in the Mass is offered to God a true, proper, propitiatory sacrifice for the living and the dead.” The Council of Trent declared: “The sacrifice in the Mass is identical with the sacrifice of the Cross.” A Roman Catholic has written, “The Mass with its colorful vestments and vivid ceremonies is a dramatic re-enactment in an unbloody manner of the sacrifice of Christ on Calvary.” Rome teaches, therefore, that the Mass is a continuation of the sacrifice of Christ on the cross, that it is really a re-crucifixion of Jesus over and over, and that it is just as powerful to take away sin as was the sacrifice at Calvary. When the priest places the bread and wine on the altar, they become, in their view, the real body and blood of Christ; the placing of these on the altar is the offering up of Christ again. Then these are eaten by members of the congregation in the Eucharist or communion. And the elements are worshiped!
3. Show how the Mass is an accursed idolatry. ______________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________
4. We must see what a dreadful perversion the Mass is. The answer compares the Lord’s Supper with the Mass on three points.
a. The Lord’s Supper testifies to us that we have a full pardon for all of our sins by the one sacrifice of Christ which He has once accomplished; the Mass teaches ______________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________.
b. The Lord’s Supper teaches us that we, by the Holy Ghost, are ingrafted into Christ, who, according to His human nature, is not now on earth but in heaven; the Mass teaches that _______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________.
c. The Holy Supper teaches us that Christ will be worshiped in heaven at the right hand of the Father; the Mass teaches that _______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________.
B. Question and Answer 81 deals with the matter of proper partakers of Communion.
1. Key words in this answer are sorrowful, trust, and desire. Give three statements from Answer 81, showing who is a proper partaker:
a. _________________________________________________________________________________ b. __________________________________________________________________________________ c. __________________________________________________________________________________
2. What is a hypocrite? ___________________________________________________________________
3. How does one who “turns not to God with sincere heart” differ from a hypocrite? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________
4. What is the result for those who partake, but ought not partake? __________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________
5. In our churches, preparatory sermons are preached before each celebration of Communion.
a. Why? ___________________________________________________________________________ b. According to the Lord’s Supper Form, true examination consists of:
c. Quote I Corinthians 11:28: “______________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________”
C. Question and Answer 82 has to do with keeping some people away from the table of the Lord.
1. Who are kept away? Those who declare themselves to be _________________________ and _____________________________.
2. Would a person who refuses to confess his faith publicly be “declaring that he is an unbeliever?” _________________
3. What are the two results of having open Communion, or allowing anyone to come to the table?
a. _________________________________________________________________________________ b. _________________________________________________________________________________
4. It is the duty of the Christian church to exclude improper partakers.
a. Who, in the church, would be called upon to bar someone from the table of the Lord? ______________________________________________________________________________________ b. By what authority may they do this? _______________________________________________ c. Until what time is this exclusion or barring in effect? ___________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
Lord’s Day 31
The written part of this lesson is quite short since there is considerable reading for you to do in connection with the subject of the keys of the kingdom. Be sure to read carefully every reference from the back of the Psalter as they come up under “B.”
A. The keys of the kingdom in general.
1. The kingdom of heaven is likened to a city which has a wall about it, and in the wall there is a gate which has a lock. The keys of the kingdom open and close this gate. Which are the keys of the kingdom?
a. _____________________________________________________________________________ b. _____________________________________________________________________________
2. The preaching of the Gospel is the most important key because it is constantly exercised, and because it spells out the steps in discipline.
a. What twofold effect does the preaching have upon those who hear it? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ b. What words in Answer 84 give us this twofold effect of the preaching?
1) When it is declared and publicly testified to all and every believer _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 2) When it is declared and testified to all unbelievers _______________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
3. Read Matthew 16:19 and 18:18. What do these verses have to say about the validity or power of that which the church does on earth? ______________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________
4. According to Answer 85, Christian discipline is exercised upon those who, under the name of Christians, maintain __________________ or ________________ not consistent with the Christian faith.
a. Discipline is not begun until after ____________________________________________. b. Who are those appointed by the church to deal with such matters as discipline? ___________________________________________________________________________________ c. The purpose of discipline is not to get rid of a person, but to _____________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________. d. Thus, the rule in all discipline matters is patience and love!
B. Specific points about discipline.
1. Read the Belgic Confession, Art. 29.
a. This article states that the marks of a true church are:
1) _________________________________, 2) ________________________________, and 3) _________________________________.
b. If there is a lack of discipline in the church, will the preaching remain pure? _________ Explain: _________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
2. Read from the Church Order, Art. 74-77. Especially in Articles 76 and 77 do we find the three steps of Christian discipline:
a. If a person does not repent, he is suspended or barred from ______________________ ____________________________.
b. Then, this impenitence is _________________ to the congregation three times.
1) The first time, the name of the sinner ______________________________.
2) The second time, with the advice of _________________, the name shall be mentioned.
3) The third time, the _____________________ is informed that unless he ________________ he shall be ___________________________________.
c. The third step is the actual reading of the Form for Excommunication.
3. Turn to this form as found in the back of the Psalter. Do you have any questions about this form? If so, write them down here. _________________________________________________________
4. From the above, it is clear that the one sin for which a person is excommunicated from the church is really _______________________. By refusing to repent, the sinner shows he is outside the kingdom.
5. The power of the church is key power. The power of the state is sword power. By using the example of a man who has committed murder or robbery, explain the difference. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________
6. According to the Questions for Profession of Faith, Number 3, what does a person promise to do if he becomes delinquent? ____________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________
Lord’s Day 32
With this Lord’s Day we begin the third major section of the Catechism, Of Thankfulness. This section includes a detailed explanation of the Ten Commandments and the Lord’s Prayer. In other words, we are to look at the keeping of the Law, prayer, and all good works, as means of expressing our gratitude to God for that great deliverance He has given us in Christ!
A. The place of good works in salvation.
1. Question 86 explains that good works do not gain salvation for us. What three short phrases make clear how we are delivered?
a. ____________________, ______________________, and _______________________.
b. Read Ephesians 2:8-10 carefully.
1) God’s chosen people are saved by ___________ through _____________. 2) Faith is not of us, but God’s _______________________.
3) If salvation were of works, man would certainly ___________________. 4) Verse 10 states that we are created in Christ Jesus unto good works. This means that good works are the (basis, purpose) of our salvation. (Circle one.)
5) The last part of verse 10 tells us that the good works we perform were actually _____________________ by God in eternity.
2. Yet, good works are an important part of salvation. Christ has redeemed and delivered us by His blood. But He also ____________________________ us by His Holy Spirit.
a. By the Spirit, we are renewed after Christ’s _____________. What phrases in the following verses teach the same truth?
1) Romans 8:29: ___________________________________________________ 2) I John 3:2: ______________________________________________________
b. In the remainder of Answer 86, find three reasons why we must do good works:
1) ________________________________________________________________ 2) ________________________________________________________________ 3) ________________________________________________________________
B. Salvation impossible without conversion to God.
1. According to Question 87, the opposite of a life of good works is ___________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________.
2. If unchaste persons, idolaters, etc., are to be saved, what must be true of them? ____________________________________________________________________________________
3. The Catechism speaks of inheriting the kingdom, a very beautiful truth.
a. In natural life, someone must die before a person inherits some property. Hebrews 9:15, 16 teaches us that believers inherit the kingdom of God through the death of ___________________________.
b. Does a person inherit something due to something he has done, or is it a gift? ___________________________
c. Why is the kingdom of God spoken of as something inherited? _____________ ______________________________________________________________________________
C. Follow directions carefully:
1 Behind each sin, place the number of the commandment which forbids it.
Unchaste person ____, idolater ____, adulterer ____, thief ____,
covetous man ____, drunkard ____, slanderer ____, robber ____.
2. True or False:
____ a. God saves us because of our good works.
____ b. God saves us so that we perform good works.
____ c. Good works are the fruit of salvation.
____ d. Good works are God’s gift to us.
____ e. Good works are our gift to God.
____ f. Good works don’t have anything to do with salvation.
Lord’s Day 33
Having introduced the subject of conversion in the previous Lord’s Day, the Catechism now looks at conversion in detail. We also find here a biblical definition of good works. Before you do this lesson, read Article 24 of the Belgic Confession.
A. The conversion of man.
1. Learn this definition: Conversion is that act of God whereby the regenerated sinner, through the Word and Spirit, is turned about from the way of sin to the way of righteousness and truth.
2. The two parts of conversion are the ________________________________________ and the _____________________________________________________________________.
a. Read these passages which speak of the old man and the new man: Romans 6:4-6; Ephesians 4:22-24; Colossians 3:9, 10.
b. The old man is the sinful nature we inherited from _______________________. The new man is the child of God from the point of view of the regeneration we receive in _________________________.
c. The deeds or works of the old and new man are completely different.
1) Read Colossians 3:5-8 and list some of the deeds of the old man of sin: ____________________, _______________________, ____________________, _____________________, and _________________________.
2) Read Ephesians 4:32; 5:1, 20, 21, and list some of the deeds of the new man: _____________________, _____________________, _____________________, ________________________.
3. The quickening of the new man is the opposite of the mortifying (killing) of the old man.
a. By comparing Answers 89 and 90, we find that “joy of heart” is the opposite of ____________________________________________________________.
b. “Love and delight to live according to God’s will” is the opposite of _____________________________________________________________________________.
4. Can a person be truly sorry for his sin without hating and turning from that sin? _______ Explain. _______________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________
B. Good works.
1. Answer 91 gives us a description of good works, both negatively and positively.
a. Negatively they are not such as are _____________________________ or _________________________________.
b. Positively they are only those which _______________________________, ____________________________, and ________________________________.
2. Name some good works that the child of God brings forth in his life:
a. ______________________, _____________________, _____________________.
b. When we call an activity a good work, does this mean that this activity is perfect? (See Question and Answer 114.) _______ Explain: ________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
3. Romans 14:23 states that “whatsoever is not of faith is sin.” This clearly means that a man without grace and without faith can never do a good work. Explain how this is true in respect to an unregenerate man who gives millions of dollars to build a hospital. __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________
Lord’s Day 34
This is the second time the Catechism holds the Law of God before us. In Lord’s Day 2 we saw that the knowledge of our misery was discovered in the Law. Here, having been delivered from our sin and misery by Christ, we are to view the Law as our guide for a life of gratitude to God.
A. The Law of God in general.
1. Read Exodus 19 and answer these questions:
a. When was the Law given to Israel through Moses? ___________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________
b. See Exodus 19:16-18 and describe the appearance of the mountain after God had descended upon it. _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________
c. What three types of laws were given to Israel in the wilderness? _____________________, _______________________, _________________________
d. What does Article 25 of the Belgic Confession say concerning the ceremonial laws? _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________
2. Concerning the tables of the Law:
a. How many tables were there? ______ What does each table teach? ___________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________
b. Read Exodus 32:15-16.
1) Who wrote the Law on the tables of stone? ___________. What is the significance of this fact? _________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________
2) What is the idea of tables of stone? _____________________________________________
3) What is the significance of the fact that the stones were written full on both sides? ___________________________________________________________________________________
4) What is the significance of the number 10 (Ten Commandments)? ________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________
3. In Matthew 22:37-40 and John 14:15, Jesus makes plain that the keeping of the Law is ___________________________.
4. Read Psalm 119:1-8, and find six synonyms for the word law: _____________________________, ______________________, _________________________, ___________________, __________________, and _________________________.
5. Although the contents of the Law never change, there was a difference between the old and new dispensation as far as the purpose of the Law is concerned. Read each passage and fill in the blanks.
a. If the Law is merely external (a set of rules) in our life, all it can do is __________________ us (Gal. 3:10).
b. But Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the Law “_______________________________ __________________________________” (Gal. 3:13).
c. By His Spirit, Christ engraves the Law upon the ________________ of our hearts, so that we ___________________ the Law and keep it (Ps. 40:8; II Cor. 3:3).
d. Romans 10:4 teaches us that Christ is the ______________ of the Law for righteousness to every one that believeth. This tremendous truth means two things:
1) That Christ was the goal towards which the Law in the O.T. pointed.
2) That Christ’s obedience is the righteousness of every believer.
B. The First Commandment.
1. Every commandment prohibits a certain sin and requires a certain good. What is forbidden in the First Commandment? ___________________________________________________________________
2. What is idolatry? (You may form your own definition on the basis of Answer 95.) ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________
3. Idolatry is such a serious sin that we are to avoid it as “sincerely as ________________________ _______________________________________.” Does this mean that those who continue in idolatry cannot be saved? _________.
4. How can we know the only true God? ____________________________________________________
5. From Answer 94, list the specific sins forbidden and the good commanded:
Idolatry Know the only true God_____________________
We are all inclined towards the sin of idolatry.
6. What things might be idols in the lives of young people? ___________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________
7. Read Psalm 115:4-8 and tell why idolatry is so very foolish. _______________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________
Lord’s Day 35
The Second Commandment is closely related to the First Commandment, but it is slightly different in thought. In the First Commandment God forbids the serving of any other god besides Him! In the Second Commandment, God forbids that anyone make an image or likeness of Him (statue, visible representation, mental picture), and requires of us that we learn of Him and serve Him according to His Word.
A. Read the Second Commandment carefully.
1. Give an example of something that men bow down to and serve that is in the heavens above (___________________), the earth beneath (_________________), or in the waters under the earth (__________________________).
2. The commandment states that those who make graven images ______________ God, while those who keep this commandment __________________ God.
3. When God visits the sin of the fathers upon the children, does God punish children for their father’s sins? ________ (See Ezekiel 18:20.) How, then, is this phrase to be understood? __________________________________________________________________________
B. God may not be represented by images because He cannot be represented by anything made. State why this is impossible:
1. John 1:18, Because ___________________________________________________________
2. John 4:24, Because ___________________________________________________________
3. Deuteronomy 4:15 -24, “God is a ___________________________, even a _____________ _____________________ God.” This means that whenever an image or likeness is made, it fails to do justice to the living God of glory; thus, the result is that God is insulted.
C. Look up these passages for examples of image worship in Israel:
1. Exodus 32:4, They served ______________ at the time of ______________________.
2. I Kings 12:25-29, They served ________________ at the time of ___________________.
3. These examples show that worshiping images of God always and quickly leads to the sin of ______________________. In other words, the breaking of the Second Commandment soon leads to the breaking of the ___________ Commandment.
D. “Books to the laity” (Q. 98) is a phrase used by the Roman Catholic Church. Laity refers to the ignorant people in the church, in distinction from the clergy. By referring to some source book or to your parents, mention those things which the Roman Catholic Church uses to instruct people that are contrary to the Second Commandment. ______________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________
E. God will have His people taught by __________________________________________________. This truth must be understood! Is it only through Christ and the preaching of the Word of Christ that we can know God and be saved? _______
1. Today many people say this is not a good method. As in Paul’s day, they regard preaching as _________________________________ (I Cor. 1:21).
2. List several things which are being substituted for preaching in some churches, especially during the second service:
a. _________________________________ b. ____________________________________
c. _________________________________ d. ____________________________________
3. When people behave this way in respect to preaching, they pretend to be __________ ____________________________________________.
Lord’s Day 36
The Third Commandment has to do with the Names of God. This commandment also belongs to the first table of the Law, having to do with our loving and serving God directly. The Names of God are not merely words which identify, as our names do. God’s Names reveal who and what He is. This means that God is His Names. When we use His Names, we very really touch God!
A. The sins which are prohibited.
1. List four ways in which this commandment is transgressed by profaning and abusing God’s Names.
a. _____________________________ b. ___________________________________
c. _____________________________ d. ___________________________________
2. Fill in the following blanks:
a. List several Names of God. ________________, ______________, ____________, _________________, _________________, ___________________, _____________________.
b. List several Names of Christ. __________________, _______________________, ___________________, _________________, ________________, _____________________.
c. We break the Third Commandment when we use God’s attributes carelessly. God’s attributes are His virtues or perfections: Goodness, etc. List some of these attributes that we misuse. ________________________, _______________________, ____________________________, ____________________________.
d. We also break this commandment when we use certain “variations” of the Names of God. List some of these variations: ____________________________, __________________________________, ________________________________.
3. “By silence or connivance” means that we allow God’s Names to be abused by others in our hearing. What ought a man to do if he works among such people?
a. First, _________________________________________________________________.
b. If this does not help, he might even decide to _____________________________ _________________________________ for the good of his own soul.
4. The seriousness of the sin against the Third Commandment is shown us in Question and Answer 100.
a. What does God think of this sin? ______________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________
b. During Old Testament times, how was this sin punished? ________________ _____________________________________ (See Leviticus 24:15, 16.)
c. God’s wrath is also directed against those who do not ____________________ ___________________________________________________________________________.
B. The positive keeping of the Third Commandment.
1. The beautiful Names of God must certainly be used by the Christian. List as many ways as you can in which these Names are properly used.
a. ________________________________ b. _________________________________
c. ________________________________ d. _________________________________
2. But always, God’s Names are to be used with _____________ and _________________.
3. What are the three results of the proper use of God’s Names?
4. What do you think of using You and Your in place of Thee and Thy when addressing God? ____________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________
Lord’s Day 37
The subject of this Lord’s Day, the use of the oath, comes rather naturally to mind when we discuss the Third Commandment. Notice, the subject is swearing religiously, not profanely as discussed in the previous lesson.
A. Question and Answer 101.
1. ______________________ may demand that a subject swear an oath. Usually this oath is demanded by a ______________________ in a court.
a. What oath is usually required in our courts of justice? ____________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
b. Try to list other instances in which an oath is demanded by government.
c. Why may earthly judges demand an oath of anyone who appears before them? _______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
d. What is lying under oath called? ______________________________
2. The second proper use of the oath is when necessity requires us to ________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________.
3. Answer 101 makes clear that we are not to use the oath carelessly or flippantly. Rather, it is to be used when it is _____________________ or when it is _________________.
4. Some people refuse to take an oath under any condition. Can you name some of these groups? ______________________________________________________________________
5. There are examples throughout the Bible of the proper use of an oath:
a. In I Samuel 24:21, 22, what does David swear to Saul? ____________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
b. In Matthew 26:63, 64, what did Jesus say under oath? ____________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
c. In Romans 1:9, Paul says that God is his ____________________________.
d. In Luke 1:73 and Hebrews 6:13 we read that ______________ sware an oath unto Abraham. God sware by ______________ because there was none __________.
6. For Class Discussion.
Explain Jesus’ teaching as found in Matthew 5:34-37.
B. Question and Answer 102.
1. We may not swear by ________________ or any other _______________________.
a. See Matthew 5:34-36. What did the Pharisees swear by? _________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
b. Give examples of foolish things by which men swear today. ________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
2. When we swear an oath, we are calling upon God to do what? ____________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
3. A proper oath must call upon God.
a. This is because only He ________________________________________________.
b. In this way, a proper oath ___________________________ God.
Lord’s Day 38
Most of the wording of the Fourth Commandment is negative. The explanation of the Catechism is positive. This is in harmony with the fact that God treated the Old Testament saints as children, and the new dispensation saints as adults who have the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. Remember as you do this lesson that the Law of God is not outward, but a matter of the inner heart.
A. Answer carefully.
1. The Fourth Commandment requires of us first:
a. That the ______________________________________________________________.
b. And that I diligently ____________________________________________________
1) to _______________________________________________________________
2) to _______________________________________________________________
3) publicly _________________________________________________________
4) and contribute ___________________________________________________.
2. The Fourth Commandment requires secondly that ______________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________.
3. The Jews observed the Sabbath on the last day of the week; we observe the first day of the week. Why the change? ______________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
4. Which is better, for parents to give their children a list of do’s and don’t’s for the Sabbath, or for parents to teach their children the principles of the Sabbath? Explain your answer. ___________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
5. The Pharisees were concerned with the outward, legal keeping of the Sabbath Day.
a. Read Matthew 12:10-13. Here Jesus ____________________ on the Sabbath. Then Jesus taught that it is lawful to _________________________________________.
b. Read Mark 2:23-28. Jesus’ disciples ________________________ on the Sabbath. The Pharisees objected to this. In verse 27, we read the important words, “___________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________”
6. The Fourth Commandment is based on the fact that God _______________________ __________________________________________________________________________________.
7. Does the Fourth Commandment teach us to labor six days in each week? ________
B. True or False.
____ 1. We can keep the Sabbath Day holy merely by going to church twice on Sunday.
____ 2. There does not seem to be much Sabbath desecration in our day.
____ 3. There is a relation between our Sabbath and the eternal rest of heaven.
____ 4. Amusements present a danger to the Christian as he strives to keep the Sabbath holy.
____ 5. The idea of the Sabbath must work through every day of the week.
____ 6. It makes no difference what day we set aside for the weekly Sabbath.
____ 7. The purpose of the Sabbath is that we enter into the rest God has prepared for us.
____ 8. The purpose of the Sabbath is that we do no work, in order to rest up for the coming week.
____ 9. Those things which are Kingdom-centered are proper activities for the Sabbath Day.
C. Thought Question: (You may discuss this with your parents before writing your answer.) What does the Fourth Commandment have to do with the covenant of friendship that God has established with us? In your answer, try to relate the two, as far as this present life and the life to come are concerned. __________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________
Lord’s Day 39
The Fifth Commandment speaks of honoring our father and mother. In explanation of this, the Catechism speaks of all those in authority over us. As young people in today’s world, we certainly must hate the rebellion that is to be found all around us, and we must learn the principles of authority and obedience.
A. Honoring our father and mother.
1. Authority is the right to determine what is good and evil, the right to demand obedience, and the right to punish the evildoer and bless those that do well.
a. All authority belongs to _________________ (Ps. 115:3).
b. God exercises His authority through __________________ (Matt. 28:18).
2. In the home, which is the basic unit of society, God has given authority to the _____________________, especially to the _____________________ (Col. 3:21).
a. When we obey our parents, we are actually obeying ________ (Col. 3:23).
b, In II Timothy 3:1, 2 we read that the terrible sin of disobedience to parents is a clear sign that we live in _________________________________________________________________________.
3. Thought Question. (You may ask your parents for help.) What is the difference between submission and obedience? How does this apply to the keeping of the Fifth Commandment? (See Daniel 3:18, Acts 4:18-20.) __________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________
4. Our parents have weaknesses and infirmities. They have imperfections and limitations. They are sinful as we are.
a. Give an example or two of what the Catechism has in mind. __________________________________________, ____________________________________________
b. What is our calling when this is true of our parents? _________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________
5. It is very striking that the Bible never tells children to love their parents, but always to obey them.
a. Quote John 14:15 here. “___________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________”
b. The idea is that when we obey those whom God has put over us, through this obedience we show _______________________________________________________________________________.
6. The lesson of obedience to authority must be learned at home, when we are still young. If this is not learned at home, we will not know how to submit to authority in other areas of life.
B. Honoring all in authority. God has also placed authority in the church, in governments, and in society (labor).
1. In the church, Christ rules through the ______________________ (I Peter 5:1).
a. The task of the elders is to ________________ the flock of Christ, taking the _______________________ (I Pet. 5:2).
b. In Matthew 16:19, this authority is called the ________________________________________ __________________________________________.
c. I Timothy 5:17 tells us that elders who rule well are __________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________.
d. Which of the three questions asked at Public Confession of Faith has to do with the authority of the elders? (See back of Psalter.) _________________ What is promised there? ________________________________________________________________________________________
2. In the sphere of nations and public life, God rules through ____________________ (Rom. 13:1-7).
a. Verse 1 tells us that these _____________________ are ordained of God.
b. List several kinds of these powers. ______________, _______________, __________________
c. Verse 2 teaches us that to resist (disobey, rebel) the power means that we resist ___________________________________________________.
d. Verse 4 tells us that these powers are servants of God to us for ________________. This is the way we must view police officers, laws, etc.
e. Verse 5 tells us not to obey for __________________ but also for _________________________ ______________________________________.
f. Verses 6, 7 teach that governments may _______________________ us.
3. In society and labor, God rules through the masters. Today the relationship of masters and servants has been replaced by ____________________ and ______________________.
a. Turn to I Peter 2:18-20. We are to be subject to our masters (employers), not only to the _____________________ but also to the _______________________.
b. What common practice in the area of labor is a transgression of the Fifth Commandment? Explain why. __________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________
Lord’s Day 40
In the Sixth Commandment we are taught to love God by loving the neighbor’s person, his life and welfare. This brief commandment seems only to speak of the actual taking of a person’s life (murder). But as we will see, much, much more is involved than that. In thankfulness to God, young people must learn to keep this commandment also.
A. What is prohibited? (Questions and Answers 105 and 106)
1. The Sixth Commandment can be broken in many different ways.
a. In what four ways is it possible to dishonor, hate, wound, or kill the neighbor? _____________________________, _____________________________________, ___________________________________, _______________________________________.
b. Quote Matthew 5:22 to show that this commandment applies to more than the act of murder. “___________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________”
2. We must also be careful concerning our own life and health.
a. Killing of self is called _________________________.
b. Give examples of how we might “expose ourselves to danger.”
3. The Catechism teaches that the magistrate is armed with the sword to prevent murder.
a. What is capital punishment? ___________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
b. Read Genesis 9:6. Is capital punishment biblical? _____________
c. Explain how this prevents murder. ______________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
4. God hates not only murder, but also the causes, or the things that lead to murder.
a. What are these causes? ___________, ____________, ___________, ___________
b. Quote I John 3:15: “_____________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________”
5. Is war murder? _______ May a Christian fight in his country’s wars? ___________ Explain: ___________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
B. The positive requirements (Question and Answer 107).
1. Not only does God forbid envy, hatred, and anger, but He also commands us to:
c. Prevent ________________________________________________________________
d. Do ____________________________________________________________________
2. The loving of our enemies is sometimes hard to understand.
a. Quote Matthew 5:44 to show our calling. “________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________”
b. Quote I Peter 2:23 to show that Jesus always kept His own words. “________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________”
c. After thinking the matter through, explain how you would show love to a neighbor who did not go to church, who swore and cursed, and who was completely worldly in his life. ____________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
Lord’s Day 41
The short Seventh Commandment, “Thou shalt not commit adultery,” teaches us concerning the sexual aspect of our natures. This Lord’s Day shows that the implications of this commandment are very broad. Because we live in a world that perverts the idea of sex more and more, as young people we must know what our calling is in this regard; how we are to keep ourselves pure and undefiled.
A. Question and Answer 108.
1. We must be impressed with the perfect holiness of God, according to which He detests and curses all uncleanness and filthiness.
a. That God is holy means He is separate from all sin and corruption, and is dedicated to all that is pure and clean.
b. In I Peter 1:16 we read that we are to be holy _________________________.
2. Define these terms:
a. Fornication — _________________________________________________________
b. Adultery — ____________________________________________________________
c. Chastity — ____________________________________________________________
d. Temperately — _________________________________________________________
3. Marriage is mentioned in this answer in the word __________________________.
a. According to Ephesians 5:32, marriage is a picture of ______________________ _______________________.
b. Read Romans 7:1-3. Here we learn that a woman is bound to her husband as long as he _________________. If she marries another man while her husband is alive, she shall be called an ____________________________.
c. Read Matthew 19:1-9.
1) What God has joined ________________, no _________ may put asunder.
2) The one reason for putting away a wife (or husband) is ______________.
3) If divorced persons remarry, or if someone marries a divorced person, they commit ______________________________.
B. Question and Answer 109.
1. The Seventh Commandment has to do with more than the gross sin of adultery.
a. Quote Matthew 5:28. “________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________.”
b. This verse teaches that sin is a matter of the ______________________.
2. Because Christ has poured out His Spirit upon the church, Christians are called ___________________________ of the Holy Spirit.
a. This means that we must view our bodies as temples or vessels that must be kept ____________________________________.
b. Thus God forbids all unchaste _____________, ________________, ___________, __________________, __________________, and ___________________________________ ____________________________________.
c. Give an example of each of the above from the present-day world. __________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
3. Sex is a good gift of God to man. But Scripture makes clear that this aspect of life is to be enjoyed only in the _______________________ state. Further, God has joined the enjoyment of this good gift to the bringing forth of ______________________________________.
Lord’s Day 42
To understand the demands of the Eighth Commandment, we must understand that God is the supreme owner of everything He has made, and that He has made men stewards (caretakers) of these things. He has made some rich, and some poor. In the keeping of this commandment, we must not try to change the distribution God has made, but recognize that we are stewards exactly of those things God has given us. When we are content as stewards, we love the neighbor in respect to his possessions, for God’s sake.
A. What God forbids in the Eighth Commandment.
1. The first sin that is forbidden is outright _______________ and ___________________.
a. These sins the _________________________ is able to detect and punish.
b. What is shoplifting? ___________________________________________________
2. God also forbids all ______________ and ___________________ whereby we try to gain for ourselves those things which belong to our neighbor.
a. What is an example of taking by force? __________________________________
b. What is an example of unjust weights? __________________________________
c. What is an example of fraudulent merchandise? __________________________
d. What do we call the use of false coins? ___________________________________
e. What is usury? ________________________________________________________
3. Covetousness is mentioned in this Lord’s Day as a violation of the Eighth Commandment.
a. What is covetousness? _________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
b. How does covetousness stand related to stealing? ________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
4. In Malachi 3:8, 9, we read that Israel robbed God. How did they do this? (See also Malachi 1:13.) ____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________
a. Today, how might a church member commit the same sin? ________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
b. Explain how wasting gifts is robbing God. _______________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
c. At what age ought young people to begin to contribute to the cause of God’s kingdom? ___________________________________________________________________
B. What God requires in the Eighth Commandment.
1. Quote Ephesians 4:28 and study this verse a few moments. (This verse really explains the whole commandment.) “__________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________.”
a. Rather than steal, a man must __________________ with his hands.
b. This will result in two things:
1) He will have enough for the support of the kingdom, and his own ______________________.
2) And, he will have something to give ______________________________.
c. Today it is becoming very common to refuse to work, and then take money either from __________________________ or from ______________________________.
2. We are called upon to promote the advantage of the neighbor. Give an example how this can be done. __________________________________________________________________
3. Read Matthew 7:12.
a. Quote the Golden Rule that is based on this passage. _____________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
1) By saying, “This is the law and the prophets,” Jesus emphasizes the importance of this verse. He means, “This statement contains the basic idea of loving God and the neighbor.”
2) If we are selfish, how might we misuse the words of Jesus? __________ ________________________________________________________________________
b. There is a saying, “Honesty is the best policy.” Criticize this saying, either positively or negatively. ______________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
Lord’s Day 43
The Ninth Commandment teaches us how to love the neighbor in respect to his name or reputation. The keeping of this commandment requires of us the careful, sanctified use of the tongue. Read James 3:1-10 to discover how difficult this is.
A. The Ninth Commandment forbids bearing false witness.
1. What is the legal term for lying under oath? _________________________
a. Gossip — ______________________________________________________________
b. Slander — _____________________________________________________________
c. Backbiting — __________________________________________________________
3. We must avoid all sorts of lies and deceit.
a. Can a lie ever be justified? ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
b. Why are lies and deceit called the proper works of the Devil? _____________ ______________________________________________________________________________
c. Is it possible to lie without saying anything? __________ Give an example. _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
4. Why does God hate all lying and bring His heavy wrath upon the liar? ___________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________
5. If we are called upon to judge a man, this must be done very carefully.
a. Not rashly. Explain. ___________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
b. Not unheard. Explain. _________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
B. Positively, the Ninth Commandment requires that we love and speak the truth.
1. We can distinguish two areas of truth in our lives:
a. There is the revelation of God to us, doctrinal truth. This we must love and speak. Give an example of doctrinal truth that we might be inclined to hide, or change. ___________________________________________________________________
b. Then there is that area of truth that has to do with honesty in the way we live. Give an example here. ________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________
2. We must _______________ and ____________________ the honor and good character of our neighbor.
a. If someone tells you an evil report about someone else, what are you to do? ____________________________________________________________________________
b. How can you promote the name or reputation of your neighbor? ___________ _____________________________________________________________________________
3. Christ is the Way, the Truth, and the Life. He always loves and speaks the truth. What does Christ do for us as our Savior in respect to this commandment? _____________ ___________________________________________________________________________________
C. True or False.
____ 1. If a man is able to control his tongue, he is able to control his whole body.
____ 2. You may say anything you want about a person as long as it is true.
____ 3. Speaking the truth is a very important part of the communion of saints.
____ 4. If we can’t say anything good about a person, we ought to keep quiet.
____ 5. Young people are not so very prone to break the Ninth Commandment.
Lord’s Day 44
The Tenth Commandment is a different kind of commandment. This is very clear from the first answer of this Lord’s Day. It does not control a new area of our relationships in life, but it has something to say about all the other commandments. This commandment makes clear that the keeping of the Law is not only an outward matter, but emphatically is a matter of the heart. Thus, it forbids covetousness and demands contentment.
A. The idea of the Tenth Commandment.
1. Any thought or inclination contrary to God’s will is _______________________.
2. Sin arises, first of all, in the ______________________.
a. This is true of all sin. Whether sin becomes outward and public or not, it has its source in the heart, and is committed in the heart.
b. Quote a verse from the Sermon on the Mount (Matt. 5:21-32) to prove this. “____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________”
3. Another aspect of the first answer is that the Law is perfect and God demands perfection of us. Fill in the blanks to show this perfect demand. “That even the ____________ inclination or thought contrary to ____________ of God’s commandments _______________ arise in our hearts; but that ___________________ we hate ______________ sin with _________________ heart, and delight in _____________ righteousness.”
4. What can we do to prevent evil thoughts from arising in our hearts? (See Question and Answer 127 for one answer.) Also think of another.
5. In Question 114 it is asked whether those converted to God can perfectly keep God’s commandments.
a. What does this imply about the unconverted? ____________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Quote Romans 8:7 to show this clearly. “________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________”
b. Do the converted keep the Law perfectly? _______. Can you mention persons from the Bible that make this clear? ___________________________________________
c. Yet, the converted do, with a sincere resolve (determination), _______________ ______________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________.
B. The preaching of the Ten Commandments.
1. God wills that His commandments be preached in the church.
a. In what way will God have them preached? ______________________________
b. This indicates that the commandments are either changeable or unchangeable. Which is true? _____________________________________
c. Briefly mention what is meant by “situation ethics” or the “new morality.” _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
2. What, according to the Catechism, is the purpose of preaching the Law?
a. First, _________________________________________________________________ _____________________, and thus become the more ______________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________; b. Likewise, ______________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________, that we may become more and more ___________________________________________, till we arrive ______________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________.
3. The pastor preaches on the Ten Commandments every year or two as he leads the congregation through the Catechism. How else are we reminded of the importance of the Law? ____________________________________________________________________________
Lord’s Day 45
The third major part of the Catechism (Lord’s Days 33-52) is entitled Of Thankfulness. In this section, two major subjects are treated: The Law and Prayer. In the Law God speaks to us; in prayer we speak to God. Our prayers are made in response to what God has said to us. We will see, repeatedly, that true prayer depends on how well we have listened to God’s speech to us.
A. The necessity of prayer (Question and Answer 116).
1. Prayer is necessary because it is the _________________________________________ ________________________________________. Why does God require thankfulness of us? __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________
2. Prayer is necessary also because God is pleased to give us our needs in the way of prayer. He has linked together His giving with our asking. In this way we honor God as our Father.
a. What does God give us in the way of prayer? ______________________ and ________________________________________.
b. What three things are stated about the attitude of the one who prays?
3. What is prayer? (Give as good a definition as you can.) _________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________
4. Is prayer a privilege or a requirement? (In answering this question, consider that it may be both, and explain how.) _____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
B. The requirements of God-heard prayer (Questions and Answers 117, 118).
1. Prayer honors God. Prayer is an act of worship.
a. Therefore, prayer must be made to _______________________ and no one else.
b. How do we know who God is? __________________________________________
2. In prayer, we must be struck by the amazing fact that sinful, unworthy creatures have fellowship with the Most High, Holy God!
a. Quote that part of the answer that teaches us this. _______________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
b. In the prayer of the Pharisee and the Publican (Luke 18:10-14) what is the key difference between these men? ___________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________
3. Praying from the heart, we must be fully persuaded (believe) that God will answer us. This confidence underlies all true prayer.
a. On what basis will God hear us? _______________________________________
b. How do we know this? ________________________________________________
4. We must also hear God speak to us regarding the content of our prayers.
a. Question and Answer 117 tells us we may pray for all things. “___________ ___________________________________________________________________________”
b. Question and Answer 118 tells us that this means _______________________ ___________________________________________________________________________.
c. That we pray for all things necessary means we do not concern ourselves with luxury. Is it possible that necessities differ from one time to another, or from one person to another? (Give examples.) ______________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
5. What does Jesus teach about prayer in the following passages? After each reference give the substance of His teaching in a few words.
a. Matthew 6:5, 6: ________________________________________________________
b. Matthew 6:7, 8: ________________________________________________________
c. Luke 18:1-7: ___________________________________________________________
6. What is the relation between the Lord’s Prayer and our prayers? _________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
7. Sometimes the child of God finds it difficult to pray, finds it difficult to find the proper words to express the longing of his heart. According to Romans 8:26, 27, we are to remember in those cases that ________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________.
Lord’s Day 46
God has revealed His names to us that we may speak to Him, and of Him, in reverence. The model prayer Jesus gives in response to the request of His disciples, “Lord, teach us to pray,” begins with the words, “Our Father.” Immediately it is added, “which art in heaven.” The importance of both these phrases in the address of prayer must be fully understood. Although we may use other names of God when we call upon Him, we are always to call upon Him in the confidence that He is our Father in heaven.
A. The Fatherhood of God (Question and Answer 120).
1. Sometimes it is said that all men can call God “Father” because God has made all men. However, this answer of the Catechism shows that prayer is not based on creation, but on something very special, something that only the child of God has.
a. God is become our Father __________________________________. The idea of adoption is implied here. God adopts us into His family through the saving work of Christ.
b. Thus, the foundation of prayer is _______________________________________ and ________________________________________________________________________.
2. Read carefully the last part of the answer.
a. Do earthly parents give their children everything they ask for? __________ Give reasons:
b. Will God give us everything we ask for? _______ Will He give us everything we ask for in true faith? _______ Explain: ____________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________
3. If we feel our prayers are not being answered, what are some things we ought to do?
4. Read Luke 11:9-13. This passage makes clear that our great need is to receive the _______________________________________.
B. The heavenly majesty of our Father (Question and Answer 121).
1. The name “Father” brings God very close to us. Lest we form an earthly conception of God, we are taught to add the words “_____________________________________________.”
a. How are we to form the correct conception of God? ________________________
b. What do the words “which art in heaven” teach us about God? _____________ ______________________________________________________________________________
c. Why ought we to refer to God by the pronouns “Thee” and “Thou,” rather than “You” and “Your”? _______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
d. An earthly conception of God amounts to an ___________.
2. To our heavenly Father belongs all power and might by which He is able to provide all things necessary for body and soul. Answer True or False:
____ a. Sometimes God withholds what we ask for because He is unable to give.
____ b. We will never be able to say, “Now I completely understand God.”
____ c. For the needs of the body we look to our boss; for the needs of the soul we look to God.
____ d. God knows our true needs far better than we do.
____ e. We may expect all our needs from God even though we do not pray for them.
Lord’s Day 47
With this Lord’s Day we begin the study of six petitions that are proper and necessary for the child of God to utter in prayer. These petitions teach us the content of true prayer. The order of the various petitions is also worthy of our attention. First things must be first, also in prayer!
A. General thoughts about the first petition.
1. What is a petition? ___________________________________________________________
2. List other words that have a meaning similar to petition:
a. Jeremiah 12:1 ___________________ b. Psalm 21:2 _____________________
c. Psalm 45:12 ____________________ d. Psalm 116:4 ____________________
3. It is clear from Answer 122 that God’s Name does not have the same idea as our names. His Name refers to _________________________________________________________.
4. Many of the Psalms are prayers. By paging through the Psalms, find expressions that have to do with the hallowing of God’s Name.
a. Psalm __________: “__________________________________________________.”
b. Psalm __________: “__________________________________________________”
c. Psalm __________: “__________________________________________________”
5. Must every prayer contain the words, “Hallowed be Thy name”? (Explain your answer.) _____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
B. Specific meaning of the first petition.
1. To hallow means to __________________________________________________________.
a. If God’s Name is to be hallowed by us, we must be given grace, first, __________________________, ______________________, __________________________, _________________________. Why is “rightly to know Thee” mentioned first? ______ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
b. What virtues of God are clearly displayed in all His works?
___________________________ ________________________ ________________________
___________________________ ________________________ ________________________
c. What commandment treats the subject of God’s Name? ________________
2. Further, we must live in such a way that God’s Name never be blasphemed but always be praised on our account.
a. Our whole lives include ____________, _____________, and _________________.
b. What is blasphemy? ____________________________________________________ How could God’s Name be blasphemed by the way a child of God lives? (See Rom. 2:22-24.) ____________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
c. How may God’s Name be honored and praised by the way we live? (See Matt. 5:16.) _______________________________________________________________________
3. Read Isaiah 6:3 and Revelation 4:10, 11. From such passages as these, it is clear that the only purpose of all things in heaven and earth is ______________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.
4. Why is this petition mentioned first? ___________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
Lord’s Day 48
Three little words: “Thy kingdom come”! How often we have prayed these words. Here we discover the deep meaning and far-reaching implications of the coming of the kingdom of God. The relation between the first two petitions is one of means to an end: God’s kingdom must come in order that His Name may be perfectly hallowed.
A. The idea of the kingdom of God.
1. Look up these references, and list various names that Scripture gives for the kingdom.
a. Matthew 5:3 ___________________ b. John 3:3 _________________________
c. Colossians 1:13 ________________ d. Romans 14:17 ____________________
2. In this kingdom, __________ is King, ________________ is Prince, and ______________ are the citizens. We can also say that the constitution of this kingdom is _______________.
3. From the question asked in Acts 1:6, it is clear that the disciples (as well as the Jews in general) had a wrong view of the kingdom.
a. What was their view? __________________________________________________
b. In John 18:36, Jesus says, “______________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________”
4. According to Luke 17:21, where, in this present time, is the kingdom? ____________ ________________________________, that is, in our ___________________________.
B. The four things we pray for in this petition, according to this Lord’s Day, are:
1. Rule us by Thy __________________________ that we may ________________________ ____________________________________________________________.
a. Psalm 119 speaks of this very thing. Quote the following verses:
1) Verse 5: “_________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________.”
2) Verse 9: “_________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________.”
3) Verse 11: “________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________.”
4) Verse 105: “______________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________.”
b. God rules over the wicked in a different way. According to Psalm 2:9 He rules over them with a ______________________ and _____________________________.
2. Preserve ___________________________ Thy church.
a. If God’s kingdom is to come, the church must be kept in faith and salvation. She cannot keep herself, but God must do this.
1) What Head of Doctrine in the Canons of Dordt speaks of this preserving work of God? _____________________________________________________
2) Quote Philippians 1:6. “_________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________”
3. Thirdly, we pray that God will _______________________________________________ _______________________________ devised against Him; and also, all wicked counsels devised _____________________________________________________________. The Devil is the arch-enemy of God, who opposeth God and works to create a kingdom apart from God. For God’s kingdom to come, all that make and love the lie must be destroyed.
a. Quote I John 3:8, “______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________.”
b. Since the kingdom comes through the preaching of the Word, we pray that the Word may remain free from wicked devices.
1) The Devil can appear as an angel of _________________ (II Cor. 11:14).
2) But actually, he stirs up men to change _____________________________ _______________________________________ (Rom. 1:25) and to bring in privily ___________________________________________________ (II Pet. 2:1).
4. Finally, this petition means that we pray for the ________________________________ _______________________, wherein _________________________________________________.
a. When shall the full perfection of God’s kingdom come about? ______________ _____________________________________________________________________________
b. What does it mean that then God shall be “all in all”? ____________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
Lord’s Day 49
Our covenant God is the willing God. His will is eternal, unchangeable, powerful, all-comprehending, wise, and good. God’s will is always done everywhere. Why then do we make it our prayer that God’s will be done? In order that we may consciously submit to His will and obey it in our lives. Notice the beautiful relationship between the first three petitions: when God’s will is done His kingdom comes, and when His kingdom comes His Name is hallowed!
A. The will of God.
1. Read Ephesians 1:5-12. Find three terms in this passage that have the same approximate meaning as “will.” ___________________________, __________________________, ___________________________________
2. What is included in God’s will?
a. Everything from ________________ (Luke 10:7) to _______________ (Jas. 4:15).
b. Try to express, in your own words, the most important, or central, idea concerning the will of God. ______________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
3. Read the prayers of Jesus in Gethsemane the night in which He was betrayed (Matt. 26:39-44).
a. To what does “this cup” refer? __________________________________________
b. What words show that Christ renounced His own will? ___________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
c. What words show that He wanted God’s will to be done? __________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
B. Our prayer that our will may be conformed to God.
1. What is man’s will? __________________________________________________________
a. Is fallen man’s will free to do either good or evil, or is man’s will a slave of sin, bound to do evil? (See Rom. 8:5-8.) _________________________________________
b. According to the last part of Art. 11 of the Canons of Dordt, Heads III/IV, our will is __________________, _________________, and ______________________. The Spirit of God changes our will, making it ________________, ____________________, and __________________; ______________________ and _________________________ it, “that like a good tree, it may bring forth the fruits of good actions.”
2. Quote Matthew 16:24, and circle the words which mean we renounce our own will. “___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________”
3. How do we know what the will of God is? ______________________________________
a. What, briefly, is the will of God for us? (See Eccles. 12:13.) ________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
b. Not only must we know the will of God, we must ________ that will.
4. Because God’s will is good, we may never murmur against it. That would mean that we pretend to be wiser than God. Give examples of how a man might murmur against God’s holy will.
5. We pray that we may attend to and perform the duties of our ____________________ and _____________________ in life, as willingly and faithfully as the angels do in heaven.
a. What do you understand by “station and calling”? _________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
b. Why is it important that we find our proper station and calling in life? ______________________________________________________________________________
c. Is it possible to do the will of God in any occupation, or are some occupations in themselves opposed to the will of God? ______________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
d. The angels always do the will of God perfectly.
1) What are angels according to Hebrews 1:14? ______________________ ________________________________________________________________________
2) What do they do in heaven? (See Ps. 103:20; Rev. 5:11, 12.) __________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________
Lord’s Day 50
Ought we to pray to God for such natural, lowly things as food? Yes! For this, too, honors God as Father! He is the fountain of all good, and we acknowledge this when we pray to Him for daily bread.
A. Our daily bread.
1. In Answer 125, “bread” means “all things _______________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________.”
2. In praying for daily bread, the child of God expresses that he wills to live from God’s hand day by day, trusting that God will supply his needs.
a. In Matthew 6:24-34, the proper view of material things is set forth by Jesus. Jesus speaks of such things as ___________, _____________, and __________________ in verses 25 and 31.
b. We are not to take thought, fret, or be anxious about these things because ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
c. Rather we must devote our energy, our thoughts, our seeking, towards ______________________________________________________________________________
3. In Proverbs 30:8, 9, Agur prays, “Give me neither ______________ nor ____________, but feed me _____________________________________________________________________.”
a. This man of God understands that if he is full and rich, he will say, _________ ______________________________________________________________________________
b. And if he is poor, he will __________________ and __________________________ ________________________________________.
c. Therefore, he desires only _______________________________________________.
4. What are some creatures or things that man may begin to trust for his physical needs? ____________________________________________________________________________
a. To what does our care and industry refer? _______________________________
b. Even God’s gifts cannot benefit us without His blessing! In the wilderness, God gave Israel meat, but ___________________________________________________ ______________________________ (Ps. 106:15).
5. For what purpose is bread to be used? Let I Corinthians 10:31 guide you in forming your answer. ______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________
B. True or False.
____ 1. Labor unions are idols of the working man.
____ 2. Since all God’s children pray, we do not have to pray for others.
____ 3. This petition for food has nothing to do with the kingdom of God.
____ 4. If God grants us just enough to make it through another day, He has answered our prayer.
____ 5. On Prayer Day in March, the church prays to God for material blessings for the entire year.
____ 6. We tempt God when we expect Him to give us our needs through lotteries or gambling.
____ 7. Elijah at the brook Cherith is an example of perfect trust in God.
____ 8. Our Father knows our needs before we ask of Him.
____ 9. Daily needs can be quite different from one time or place to another.
____ 10. If we pray this petition each day, we do not have to work so hard.
Lord’s Day 51
As preparation for this lesson, read carefully the parable found in Matthew 18:23-35. In a very powerful way this parable instructs us in the meaning of the fifth petition: “And forgive us our debts as we forgive our debtors.”
A. Our prayer for forgiveness.
1. We are taught to pray that God will not impute to us our ________________________ nor that __________________________________________________________________________.
a. Transgressions refer to our daily breaking of the ________________________. Depravity refers to _________________________________________________________.
b. This petition is, first of all, a confession of sin. Quote Psalm 32:5. “________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________.”
c. Then, the petition is made that God will not impute our sins to us. According to Psalm 130:3, what if God would mark or charge our sins to us? _________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
d. What is the result for the man who is forgiven? (Ps. 32:1, 2) _______________ ______________________________________________________________________________
2. Jesus teaches us that our sins are debts. Explain how this is so. __________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
3. The basis of this plea (for forgiveness) is in _____________________________________.
a. When Christ died, what happened to our sins? ____________________________
b. If our sins are forgiven at the moment of Christ’s death, why do we pray for God’s forgiveness? ___________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
4. Ought we to confess our sins, and ask forgiveness, every time we pray? __________ Explain your answer. _____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
B. Our forgiving one another.
1. The relation between God forgiving us and our forgiving the neighbor is very important for us to understand. Read the following statements carefully, and underline the correct one.
a. God forgives us because we forgive our neighbor.
b. Because God has forgiven us all our sins, we are ready to forgive others.
c. God forgives us whether or not we forgive our neighbor.
2. How often are we to forgive someone who sins against us? (See Matt. 18:21, 22.) ______________________________________. What does Jesus’ answer mean? ______________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
3. It happens sometimes that someone sins against us, either knowingly or unknowingly, and does not confess this sin to us.
a. According to Matthew 18:15, what are we to do in this case? _______________ ______________________________________________________________________________
b. Can we forgive the neighbor if he does not confess his sin? _______ Explain fully. _______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
4. In the parable you read at the beginning of this lesson, what is the basic reason the servant did not dismiss the 100-penny debt of his fellow servant? _______________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
5. In the light of this Lord’s Day, what must impress us and amaze us as long as we live? ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
Lord’s Day 52
In this Lord’s Day we are taught to pray concerning the battle against sin in which we are engaged as long as we are on earth. Then the reason for all our prayer is stated. And finally, we are taught concerning that little but significant word “Amen.”
A. The sixth petition (Question and Answer 127).
1. This petition is a confession of weakness on the part of the child of God.
a. We are so “_______________________________________________________________________.”
b. Besides this, our mortal enemies cease not to assault us. In what threefold way is the enemy described? Give another name, or explanation for each enemy:
1) ___________________ — ________________________________________________________
2) ___________________ — ________________________________________________________
3) ___________________ — ________________________________________________________
2. If God would take the Holy Spirit from us for a time, what would happen? __________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________
a. Read Psalm 51:11, 12. God had taken the Holy Spirit from David for a time. What sins did David commit when he stood in his own strength? (II Sam. 11) ___________________________________ and _____________________________________
b. When we fall into sin, and do not repent, we feel as if we are cast away _____________________________, and lose the joy of ___________________________.
3. We are taught to pray that God will, through the Holy Spirit, ____________________ and ________________________ us, that we may __________________ and _________________ ____________________ resist our foes.
a. What is a temptation? ______________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________
b. Read I Corinthians 10:13. Indicate whether these statements are true or false:
____ We meet temptations which no other person ever had to endure.
____ God is in control of all circumstances in a temptation.
____ God arranges the details of temptations such that it is always possible to endure them without falling into sin.
c. What warning is given us in I Corinthians 10:12? ____________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________
4. This present life is a life of spiritual warfare. This earth is a battlefield for the Christian.
a. When shall we obtain the complete victory? _________________________________________
b. Quote Revelation 21:4, which tells us of the perfection of heaven. “_____________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________”
c. Read Romans 8:31-39. Quote a verse or a phrase that explains the basis of our victory. ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________
B. The reason for all the petitions (Question and Answer 128).
1. We make all these petitions a matter of confident, fervent prayer because:
a. God is _______________________.
b. He is almighty, __________________, and _______________ to give us all good.
c. That not we, but __________________________________________________________________.
2. The Lord’s Prayer begins and ends with the thought that God’s Name and His glory is of the utmost importance! As we learn to pray according to this model, we will be guarded against a man-centered view of salvation and life.
a. Why is this conclusion to prayer proper? ____________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________
b. Why is this often hard for us to pray? _______________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________
C. The word “Amen” (Question and Answer 129).
1. The word “Amen” was often used by Jesus while teaching concerning the kingdom of Heaven. It can be translated verily or truthfully; that is, it shall ______________ and _______________________ be (see John 16:23).
2. When we say “Amen” at the end of our prayers, we do not merely indicate that our prayer is now ended. Rather, two things are indicated:
a. First, it means that the one praying ________________________________________________.
b. Secondly, it means we believe that God _____________________________________________.
c. See II Corinthians 1:20. Our confidence in prayer is not based on how we happen to be feeling at the moment, but it is based on the ___________________ of God in His Word.
Kuiper, Dale H.
Rev. Dale H. Kuiper (Wife: Velerie)
Ordained: September 1967
Pastorates: Randolph, WI - 1967; Pella, IA - 1970; Home Missionary - 1974; Lynden, WA - 1976; Hope, Isabel, SD - 1985; Immanuel, Lacombe, AB - 1987; Southeast, Grand Rapids, MI - 1992
Emeritus: 2003Website: www.sermonaudio.com/search.asp?speakeronly=true&currsection=sermonsspeaker&keyword=Rev._Dale_Kuiper
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