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One Body Animated by One Spirit (2)

We must not suppose that the unity of the invisible or mystical body of the church (Eph. 4:4-6) has nothing to say to us as members of visible, instituted churches. First, we must know, and think of, the glorious unity of the whole company of those predestinated as the one church, body and bride of Christ. Second, we must seek to manifest that unity as members of true, instituted churches. Third, we must serve the church’s unity on a wider scale by evangelising unbelievers to bring them to saving faith (DV), by spreading the truth of the biblical and Reformed faith, and by maintaining and/or establishing fellowship with like-minded believers and churches, as far as possible.

The “one Spirit” (Eph. 4:4) is the Holy Ghost, the Third Person of the Holy Trinity as sent by Jesus Christ. This “one Spirit” follows immediately after, and is joined to, “one body” by the conjunction “and,” indicating their intimate connection, for the Spirit is the life-principle which animates the body of the church, giving it vitality and vigour. Without the Spirit (to speak as a fool) the body of the church would be dead. The body only thinks and wills, moves and acts, believes and obeys, and serves the Triune God out of gratitude because of the inner, life-giving power of the Holy Ghost! 

There is emphatically “one Spirit,” not two or more. The Holy Spirit comes to us through the Word by faith; He alone glorifies Jesus Christ and enables us to worship the Triune God. We need more of the Spirit in faithful, instituted churches! Not the spirit of the world—a carnal, ungodly spirit. Not the spirit of fear, bringing us into bondage. Not “another spirit,” bringing “another Jesus” and “another gospel” (II Cor. 11:4). 

“There is one body, and one spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling” (Eph. 4:4). There must be and is only one body and only one Spirit, because we have “one hope.” To this one hope, we are effectually called by the gospel. Only as animated by one Spirit has the body one hope (1:17-18). So it is entirely fitting and appropriate that there is one body and one Spirit “even as” we have one hope to which we are called.

The reference to “one hope” here indicates that the elect church is an eschatological body. It is this because it has one “blessed hope”—Christ’s “glorious appearing” (Titus 2:13)—and its unity is only perfectly seen by us in the world to come. This truth that the church only has one hope has something to say about having different eschatological views (or views of the end times) in a congregation or denomination. We believe biblical and Reformed amillennialism: there is one second coming of Christ, one general resurrection and one final judgment. Christ’s return is preceded by the salvation of all the elect church and the intensification of apostasy and persecution, especially in the manifestation of the Man of Sin (cf. Dan.; Matt. 24-25; Mark 13; Luke 21; II Thess. 2; I Tim. 4; II Tim. 3; II Peter 3; Rev.).  But postmillennialism yearns for a coming golden age on earth in which most people will be converted and the world will be Christianized. Jewish premillennialism and dispensationalism look forward to an earthly, literal, Jewish millennium which includes several second comings of Christ, resurrections and judgments. How can a congregation or denomination, especially given 2,000 years of doctrinal development and the increasing nearness of the end, allow two or three or more different views of the last times, when Ephesians 4:4 says that there is “one hope”?

This one body animated by one Spirit, so that it has one hope, is under “one Lord” (Eph. 4:5). This one Lord is the Lord Jesus Christ who is God and man in one divine Person, who died on the cross for us and our salvation. He is the Lord of the church because He bought and owns the church. He bought the church at Calvary with the price of His own precious blood. The church is His alone as His body—exclusively His. Christ is the Lord of the church as its absolute sovereign who alone defends and preserves His church. He alone governs and rules His church, so that it must submit to, and obey, only Him. As Lord, He animates the body by the Spirit that He purchased for, and gives to, the church. As Lord, He is the one hope of the church, for He is coming back on the clouds of heaven to make all things new.

Christian church, you have one Lord! He is not Caesar (the early church had to battle against this). He is not Henry VIII or any other earthly monarch, contrary to all Erastianism. Contemporary opinion is not lord of the church, nor are the office-bearers. Christ alone is Lord, ruler and head of the church. His will, set forth in Scripture, is law. This is the issue at stake, for instance, in the clamour for women in church office or the acceptance of impenitent homosexuals as members or office-bearers in the church.

The one church has “one faith” (Eph. 4:5). This is increasingly attacked in our day. The church of the saved includes those of many religions, according to leading Romish theologians. The Archbishop of York, second only to the Archbishop of Canterbury, stated recently that the Church of England ought to be the church for people of many faiths (i.e., pagans). The General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of Ireland adopted a paper which stated that it would be hard to deny that Jews and Muslims worship the true God. What else does this mean but that these Christless religions are pleasing to God? This is shocking apostasy (cf. John 14:6; Acts 4:12)!  The “one faith” is the doctrine taught in God’s Word, the Bible, which is summarised and systematised faithfully in the Reformed creeds. Liberals attack the very idea of an objective faith, a uniform body of truth taught in the Scriptures. They claim that there are various, competing theologies taught in the Bible and that Scripture must be reinterpreted in the light of modern culture! 

Attacking the “one faith” (through false teaching or doctrinal indifference) is rejecting the “one Lord” (who gives, and is the centre of, the faith), denying the “one hope,” despising the “one Spirit” and assaulting the “one body.” Teaching, confessing and spreading the one, true faith is obeying the “one Lord” and promoting the unity and the hope of the body in the Spirit. We must “earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints” (Jude 3). This is our calling—for church unity too!

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Additional Info

  • Volume: 11
  • Issue: 23
Stewart, Angus

Rev. Angust Stewart (Wife: Mary)

Ordained - 2001

Pastorates: Covenant Protestant Reformed Church of Ballymena, Northern Ireland - 2001


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